Class Notes (838,585)
Canada (510,969)
Anthropology (356)
ANTHR101 (204)
Lecture

November 16 Notes.docx

8 Pages
91 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHR101
Professor
Francois Larose
Semester
Fall

Description
Why Monogamous Marriages? - associated with wage labour ● both men and women can work ● taxes and social safety net ● benefit of having multiple spouses is not really there ● usually the only form of marriage allowed (usually a part of religious belief or the law) - associated with balanced sex ratio - in societies with monogamy, there are no obvious benefits to having multiple spouses. ● more than one spouse means more money but more money means more taxes ● doesn't mean there would be no benefit at all but the benefits are a lot less obvious or given MARITAL EXCHANGES ECONOMIC TRANSACTIONS that will occur between the familes that get married. 1. BRIDESERVICE 2. BRIDE PRICE 3. DOWRY 4. GIFT EXCHANGE *the loss of a worker and future generations of workers needs to be compensated for. BRIDESERVICE - in exchange for the loss of the daughter, the future husband will provide a service for the bride's family. ● in societies where there is little material goods (like foragers) so instead of material payment, so the groom works for the bride's family for a certain ammount of time. ● groom does what men normally do. among foragers they go and hunt, build, etc. ● it is like a trial marriage. if the man is not good at anything, they can call it off. the man has the same vantage point on the woman. if she is a bad worker as well, he can break it off and go back to his own village. ● this is the most common form of marital exchange among foragers or any society with very limited material goods (some horticulturalists and pastoralists) BRIDEPRICE / BRIDE WEALTH - in exchange for a spouse, the future husband and his family will compensate the bride's family with material goods. ● the price is negotiated between the two families ● among pastoralists, it is usually in livestock ● if the bride's family is wealthier, they want a higher brideprice. the higher price confirms to them that the family she is going to is also very well-off ● if you have only one daughter as opposed to five, you might want some more money since it costs money to marry off each of your sons. ● very common among horticulturalists and pastoralists and food producers in general. ^those two are to compensate the woman's family for the loss of the woman DOWRY - the bride will receive part of her inheritance from her family in advance to contribute to her new family with her new husband ● dowry can exist on its own or alongside the brideprice. ● daughters with bigger dowries get more potential suitors (and parents might get a brideprice in return for this dowry) ● if you can't give your daughters a large dowrie, that becomes part of the marriage deal so they aren't as wanted and the daughter may become a drain on their family, staying with their family forever because they are never sought after for marriage. ● poor parents may invest all their money in just one daughter's dowry to at least get rid of one of them and maybe make an alliance with a good family. people go bankrupt over this stuff. ● in a society with only the dowry system, do you want to have lots of daughters? ● in societies where you only have brideprice, you want daughters. in dowry systems, daughters can bankrupt you. ● common amongst food producers. GIFT EXCHANGE 2 forms... - one form of gift exchange involves friends and relatives giving gifts to the bride and groom. ● expectation that when couple gets married they will live on their own so we help them start their life. ● this is commonly practiced here. - another form is the exchange of gifts between the families of the bride and gro
More Less

Related notes for ANTHR101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit