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November 14 Notes.docx

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University of Alberta
Francois Larose

ANTHROPOLOGY LECTURE NOTES NOVEMBER 14 MARRIAGE & FAMILY - key economic structure in most societies - influences other aspects in the way people live. marriage - in our society: ● legally bound ● you're expected to be sexually faithful ● interdependency. economically, resources are shared. helping one another raise the children. offer one another social support, emotional support, psychologic support. reciprocity. ● look out for the other ● live together ● ceremony / wedding. either religious or civil. you technically only need to sign the papers. ^even the above does not apply to everyone in OUR culture. in some cultures there is no living together, there is not always interdependency, no ceremony, no faithfulness, etc. *anthropologists have a hard time defining anything. definitions end up being too complex or too simple to be useful. ASPECTS OF MARRIAGE THAT ARE NEARLY UNIVERSAL ● *culturally defined relationship (usually) between a man and a woman *from different families, which *regulates sexual intercourse and *provides for reproduction. fingers: oricular anular major index thumb CULTURALLY DEFINED - here we wear a ring on the anular finger of the left hand - some cultures it is a tattoo, dress, hairstyle - part of this is telling who is available ● a set of rights the coule and their familes obtain over one another, including rights over the couple's children. ● assignment of responsibility for enculturation to the spouses or to one or both sets of their relatives. *in some cultures, when children break the rules, it is not the children who are punished but the parents. most cultures have an understanding that parents/relatives need to teach children the rules of society. ● a division of labour in the domestic sphere MARRIAGE RULES - WHO CAN/CANNOT BE MARRIED - WHO YOU CAN/CANNOT BE MARRIED - who can you not marry? in our society: ● children ● some religious leaders ● mentally handicapped - who can you marry or cannot marry? in our society: ● siblings, parents, grandparents. cousins are legal but not normative. ● the incest taboo ● someone who is already married (polygamy) ● some places don't allow people to marry in the same gender ● some religions don't marry outside their religion ENDOGAMOUS MARRIAGES - marrying within the group EXOGAMOUS MARRIAGES - marrying outside the group *these terms mean nothing if we don not know what the group we are talking about. ● religious endogamy might state you need to marry in your religion but you may need to marry outside your family which is lineage exogamy ● some cultures there is a caste endogamy. HOW MANY SPOUSES CAN YOU HAVE? ● MONOGAMOUS marriages - one person at a time. two different forms of mongamy: 1. SERIAL MONOGAMY you can be married many times in your life but you can only be married to one person at a time. 2. TRUE MONOGAMY (relatively rare, usually only for women) once married you can never marry again, even if widowed.
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