Class Notes (808,147)
Canada (493,093)
Anthropology (351)
ANTHR101 (204)

November 23 Notes.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Alberta
Francois Larose

ANTHROPOLOGY LECTURE NOTES NOVEMBER 23 EXTERNAL SOCIAL CONTROLS: SELF HELP SYSTEMS and COURT SYSTEMS AUTHORITY RESIDES WITH THE GROUP, NO THE INDIVIDUAL - THIRD PARTY ARBITRATER 1. INCIPIENT COURTS Members of the group decide how the conflict should be resolved and use their influence to enforce the sanction. ie. in a band, a conflict is reaching a fever pitch between two people and it is starting to interfere with the group. so the people who know these people and know the issue all get together and decide what needs to happen to end the conflict. they try and influence the two people to accept their arbitration *sometimes called AD HOC court **these "influential" people are usually family or hihgly respected individuals in the community ***COMMON IN SOCIETIES THAT LACK CENTRAL LEADERSHIP AND NO CONCEPT OF AUTHORITY, only influence. 2. COURTS OF MEDIATION A neutral third party is chosen by both sides to mediate the dispute. - two ind/groups are in conflict so they ask a mediator to do something. they can ask them to be a go between or to negotiate/moderate or vest that person with the ability to determine who is right or who is wrong and/or let that person decide how to resolve the conflict. *only works if both sides agree that the mediator is a mutual third party **these mediators are often called BIG MEN (WOMEN). people who are level-headed, not too tempermental, highly respected in the group. - because both sides have chosen the mediator, they usually abide by the decision of the mediator - in our societies, we see this with any two groups outside of the legal system (cause it will take too long or cost too much) 3. COURTS OF ADJUDICATION *kind of like mediation but not exactly A third party is given the power to determing guilt or innocence and has the authority to enforce the ruling THIS AUTHORITY CAN COME FROM TWO SOURCES: 1. THE ADJUDICATOR CAN HAVE AUTHORITY AS BY THE STATE AND/OR BY RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. ASCRIBED STATUS 2. THE ADJUDICATOR'S AUTHORITY MAY DERIVE FROM RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. THESE ARE SETTLED BY: TRIAL-BY- ORDEAL TRIAL-BY-ORDEAL - someone is accused but does not want to plead guilty - a religious adjudicator may come to put you through an ordeal to see if God thinks you are innocent. - ie. hot knife ordeal: blade is made hot and put on someone's skin. if they burn, they are guilty. - there have to be instances where people pass the test for the custom to survive - we have this in our society: THE LIE DETECTOR TEST - these ordeals only work if we truly believe that the adjudicator has a gift. - if you are innocent, you are not afraid of the adjudicator because you are innocent - the adjudicator makes the decision before the test to decide if the person is guilty or not and then makes sure the ordeal works in the way of their own judgement. *remember, this only works if the person believes that the adjudicator has powers of discernment (here, we believe it is SCIENCE, in the
More Less

Related notes for ANTHR101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.