LECTURE NOTES ANTHROPOLOGY DECEMBER 3
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY & GLOBALIZATION
- APPLIED ANTHRO is not a discipline or specialization
within anthropology, just a modern applications.
- started 30-40 years ago when a lot of cultures were
being essentially forced to change, countries being
forced to develop. applied anthro was a response.
- the process by which nations are drawn into a single
- it has diminished the regional distinctiveness found
in many parts of the world.
- local products and economies are being swallowed up
FORMS OF GLOBALIZATION
old way of doing this:
TERRITORIAL EXPANSION / IMPERIALSIM
- think of what the Europeans did when they came to the
Americas or conquered Africa.
- forced local populations to start producing things
for their way of life
RELIGIOUS IMPERIALISM - not talking about the spread of religious because
people want to change their religion, we're talking
about govts who won't help other countries unless they
change their ways of doing things.
- ie. george bush threatened to cut off funding to
developing countries if they don't ban abortion
- today we don't even have to occupy a territory to
force them to change
- people like WTO force people to produce what we want
or suffer the consequences of economic sanction.
- more subtle
- take for example, the film industry: in this world of
free trade, when negotiating with Korea, they set aside
a 102 days a year when theatres have to show Korean
films. When USA was negotiating with Korea, they
negotiated that down to 50 days or something. What does
that have to do with free trade? USA isn't showing
Korean films. One way street.
- HUMAN GENOME DIVERSITY project, not to be confused
with human genome project, was about trying to get
blood samples from all human populations, to capture
the relatively rare allele's so before these pop's
disappear, we have their genes. This sounds noble, but
it is the way they did it that is ignoble. They didn't
try to explain to them, they just lied to them and said
they were there to treat for disease. after their blood
was stolen, these people never returned, never shared their property, lied to them, never helped them at all.
after stealing their property and their culture, now
they've stolen their blood. now it really doesn't
matter if they exist, we have their entire essence
without them. Nothing wrong with this idea, it is the
way they carried out the project that was unethical.
- WHAT NEXT? ORGANS?
- the use of anthropological knowledge and techniques
for the purpose of solving "practical" problems
- not really a specialization like physical anthro or
archaeology... just using anthro knowledge to solve
- ie columbia, govt was selling lots of lands to large
corporations (like big pharma)
- anthropologists said, don't buy this land and take it
from these populations, hire these people to bring you
the plants, they know them, they know their properties,
and they can keep their land.
WHY DID PEOPLE FEEL THE NEED FOR APPLIED ANTHRO?
The pace of Change is accelerating in most societies.
The consequences of globalization are generally
negative for non-industrial societies.
Watch video online: "ENJOY YOUR MEAL"
Globalization affects cultures economically,
politically and socially.
- once you alter the way people acquire their food, it has a number of consequences for their ENTIRE CULTURE.
change the way they access resources, modify completely
their way of life.
- this is why a lot of cultures see globalization as a
form of colonization. they have NO CHOICE in the matter
- this is why there is resistance to free trade, FREE
TRADE TENDS TO ONLY WORK IN ONE DIRECTION.
- why don't they want McDONALD'S in some countries? In
many cultures, meal time is important. it is when the
family gets together to eat and catch up. this culture
of EAT AND RUN or eat and watch tv is extremely
detrimental to the family. It is not just about the
product, it is about the WAY OF LIFE, the VALUES that
are being sold with McDonald's.
CONSEQUENCES OF GLOBALIZATION
- the idea is not to stop trade altogether. but we must
do somethign to protect local cultures.
LOSS OF TRADITIO