ANTHR101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Coevolution, Robert John Braidwood, Industrial Revolution

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The origins of domestication & settled life: adaptation and subsistence. Although humans have undergone minimal changes in their physical characteristics, they are the product of a tremendous amount of gene exchange. Adaptations: subsistence as the most signi cant one: big change from hunting and gathering food. 12,000 ya) environmental change and transition to holocene (current epoch) Hunting small game instead of large animals. Beginning of food production (planting crops, raising wild animals in captivity: climate change. Landmasses (e. g. beringia) and continental shelves were covered with water. Humans could live in new areas previous uninhabitable. Broad-spectrum collecting: wider subsistence base and a more intensive exploitation of localized resources: origins of food production. 10,000 ya), the shift from food gathering to food production. I. cultivation: new type of subsistence activity involved with growing plants. Iii. arti cial selection: process similar to natural selection; people encourage reproduction of certain plants and animals with speci c characteristics.

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