ANTHR101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Universal Binary, Emic And Etic
SchoolUniversity of Alberta
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November 30, 2018 – Chapter 12 & 15: Political Anthropology Cont.
• Courts of Regulation o These courts only exist in state-organized
societies o Not influence based; only authority
o Provide social control for societies with people from various cultures and/or
from various social classes
o They are enforced and interpreted by law specialists
▪ E.g. lawyers, judges, police officers
• Legal Systems o Needs to Include:
▪ Legal authority
▪ Universal application
• Laws created must be obeyed by everyone and there’s no
exceptions. Everyone is subject to the law.
▪ Legal rights and duties ▪
• Punishments need to fit the crime and applied equally to everyone
o Way to determine in a fair manner what the laws are and what are going be the
o There are exceptions to charging two people differently for the same crime ▪
e.g. previous offenses, mental state, bias, age, etc.
• Other forms of Social Control o Rewards
▪ Give people the incentive to behave accordingly with rewards ▪
E.g. money, awards, etc.
▪ Sometimes works better than the threat of punishment o Rebellion
▪ Want the government to change something that they are doing o
▪ Leads to a new government – not always a new form of
government, could be wanting a new leader
▪ (or the threat of warfare)
▪ Can be a way to control what other governments are doing
• All societies are going to have some form of social control
November 30, 2018 - Chapter 16: Religion & Culture
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