ANTHR150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Paul Broca, Pseudoscience, Arthur De Gobineau

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Origins of western concepts: greek philosophers (western) raised questions as to the origins of different groups. Why are humans different: herodotus, 484-425 b. c. Rst anthropologist , explained differences among humans and natural forces (the environment) as opposed to supernatural forces (god) Believed that the environment was responsible for the differences in behaviour and physical characteristics: aristotle, 384-322 b. c. Believed nothing came from the natural world and things were the way they were by supernatural forces, everything originally created in the state desired by the. Creator and that the nature of things could not change. A teleologist: the belief that there was an intelligent design in the universe. Also believed that there was a natural hierarchy or logic of organisms and that humans were at the top of it; the great chain of being . Xity of species, the belief that once created, species could not change.

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