ANTHR206 Lecture Notes - Ian Hodder, Underwater Archaeology, Radiocarbon Dating

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Invented it becomes very popular and widespread then fade away. Thomas jefferson: conducted the rst scienti c excavation in virginia in 1784, dug across a native american burial mound using stratigraphy. Archaeology became more systematic and you could now have a job as an archeologist. Also became taught in university spacial or geographic dispersion of artifacts. Henry holmes: developed classi cation for pottery and therefore stone tools, worked at the smithsonian. Archaeology became associated with anthropology in north am. More focus to the temporal notions of archeology. Looking at the distribution of materials and artifacts through out time, creating archeological timelines. They looked at where things came from- stratigraphy- relative dating. Also looked at seriation- by petrie- based on the popularity of objects through time, when something is. Historical reconstruction- gure out and esh out the past. Became multidisciplinary- rst addition was zoology making zooarcheaology. Geology and geomorphology came to be- understanding the sediments surrounding the artifacts.

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