Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (640,000)
U of A (10,000)
ART H (100)

notes for chapters 1-5 (part of notes from chap. 6)

Art History
Course Code
ART H101
Hoyne Santa- Balazs

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Art History 101 13/09/2011 11:58:00
Art History
Sept 13
5 categories of analysis
Context – gives meaning and helps us understand why the work is
significant. Understanding the mindset of the prehistoric people, conditions,
geographic situation, religious context, economic situation, social
stratification, class structure
Content/Subject matter– what you are looking at, subject matter
Formal qualities – physical properties, what it is made of,
composition, how objects are arranged, recognizable form, lines, color,
linear or nonlinear, three dimensional or not, see Starter Kit, elements of
Interpretation – what does it actually mean? Pull all previous three
together, the true understanding of the work
Reception – critical reception, may or may not be favorable, how
does the work accomplish what it was set out to do? Interaction with its
Chapter 1: Prehistoric art – referring to the time before history
Knowledge is not repeated, might change in interpretation, with
audience, stories evolving. History is a way of fixing data, prehistory refers
to a time before writing was invented. How reliable are understanding is of
these people and their culture. Most speculative period of time
Central and Eastern Europe
North Spain, South France

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Development of Architecture
Lifestyle – sparce, cannot drag a lot of stuff with them, cannot
accumulate things, groups are small, life spans are fairly short, mid 30’s
Study of the period did not begin until 18th century, during the
enlightenment people began to organize and understand history, cultural
material coming out of the ground with increasing history, then interpret the
information. 18th century is primative, primative people produce primative
things. Lack of intelligence
Utopian thinking – things are not always getting better, regressions
Understanding centuries
5th, 4th, 3rd, 2nd, 1st 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th…. 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th,
19th, 20th, 21st
Prehistoric period - 5 major phases
Paleolithic – the old stone age, derived from the misconception that
everything was made of stone, roughly between100,000 BC and 8000 BC,
further subdivided into lower, middle and upper Paleolithic, first date of
examples come from 40 000 BC.

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small, family groups, not highly stratified
pack animals
animals are a major resource for raw materials; clothing, shelter,
people follow movement of animals, central to the survival of
prehistoric people
portable dwellings made of animal hides, mammoth bones, structural
everything is based on necessities available
#1-3 see txtbook
barial customs: bodies are curled into fetal position, resurrection of the
sun, symbolic behavior, dipose of human remains, cost benefit analysis
decorating objects: something is being communicated, first evidence,
communicating with things to decorate the body with; first thing that people
start to decorate, jewelry, what they want to communicate to the group,
what does the individual want to say? Made of shells, animal bones, pebbles,
organic materials, used for ornametation
Mesolithic – the middle stone age, transitionary period, people are
settling down, changing living conditions, happens at different points in
Neolithic – new stone age, began sometime around 8000 BC and
2300 BC
Bronze Age – weaponry, shovels
Iron age – starting at about 100 BC
Sept 15
Sculpture and 2-D Works
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