ART H101 Lecture Notes - Etruscan Architecture, Architectural Sculpture, Roman Art

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Etruscans
E Sculpture, very close trading culture, had free-standing(often bronze) sculpture
and architectural sculpture. #6-5 Vulca, is fired clay was probably on top of a temple.
E didn't use nudity as a artistic device!!!!! In E and Roman art clothes code for social
status.
#6-3 Vitruvius, roman architect and architect historian so analysed roman and Greek
and Etruscan architecture. E temple had a large front porch but not a wrap around like a
Greek. Emphatic one-point access. #6-4. half of the foot print of the building would be
the porch and then the other half the rooms/temple rooms.
They Liked hollowed fired clay better then marble. Do a bit of revealed construction.
Building materials: timber mud-brick, exterior w terracotta. Lavishly decorate the
exterior.
#6-2 very different, E made something, that the Romans were credited with: the round
arch. This allowed them to span larger spaces. The E used it in bridges, structure in
tunnelling, in aqueducts(R).
Voussoirs = each slightly wedge shaped block.
Barrel Vault
Round arch
Groin Vault
Annular Vault.
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