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ART H101 (10)
Lecture

Roman Architecture

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Department
Art History
Course
ART H101
Professor
Hoyne Santa- Balazs
Semester
Fall

Description
Religious architecture: - Romans build like the Etruscans but decorated like the Greeks. - Roman cattle market temple from the Republican period, Had an Ionic facade, pilasters, columns that had only a decorative non structural function. No Doric use in Roman architecture, very fond of Corinthian capitals on the exterior. - Religious/ spiritual shopping mall, stalls for fortune telling, was build literally into the hillside. This mall was made of concrete, which had only been used as mortar before. They added Pozzolana to concrete so that it would not cure/ solidify as quickly which would allow them to build larger creations. Most of their large and impressive structures wouldnʼt have been feasible w/o concrete. It was faster easier and costless. - Wanted building to be pretty. so they faced everything with a veneer. - EXCEDRA: small semicircular architectural feature. - Largest Roman temple, survived the barbarians was the Pantheon, it awed them into not touching it. its still bloody standing. This temple was for all the planetary gods, it was model of the universe. Solid granite columns , with no fluting. In the building the Romans were after a disorientation. - Romans expanded on the use of the arch. - Unlike Other Roman temples it is unusual because of its structure(124-126CE) has no known architect. - Portico: the portal structure - This was build in the 5th year of Marcus Agrippa, but was built later, but named as the one before due to ancestor worship. - Architect unknown in Rome because they werenʼt about the cult of the individual it was more about the state and glorifying politicians. - ROTUNDA: large open space that is circular. - This was a logic defying experience and it was the shape that gave meaning. This is perfectly circular spherical space. but the internal space is a perfect sphere. The sphere was chosen because, this temple was dedicated to the cosmic gods, has since ancient Greek times represented a mystery of sorts. The sphere had illusive connotations that were also attributed to the Gods. - COFFER: rectangular recessed indents in a wall - What the coffers do in the Pantheon, is that it thins out the wall. - As you get to the apex they mixed in more pumice to make the concrete more porous and to l
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