ART H101 Lecture Notes - Headache
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Art History Nov 29th
29.1 Roman Grafﬁti, scrawling on walls. Made by soldiers. The man is obviously
Christian bc he is saluting a Christ on the Cross whoʼs head has been switched out for
an donkeyʼs. Title : Alexamenos
Dysius(Emperor) and 2nd Emp Diaclician was the one that instituted waves of
Christian eradication's. He had some good ideas and in the 4th 5th century they
divide up Rome, but these problems started in the 3rd cent. The Empire was also
frequently being attacked by outsiders normally from the north. Constantine tried to
stabilizing things, he made Edict of Milan (313AD) guaranteed religious freedom to
everyone in the Roman empire. Within a couple of decades he made it the state
religion. But before that it was lowly cult, in the lowly province of Judea. it was headache
for the Romans. Christianity was very appealing to slaves because of equality before
God. The christians were set apart from others because of their moral behaviours in
comparison to the Romans. It made it really hard to socially because of it as well. But bc
of this until the 5th CE there is no art that is uniquely Christian.
Catacomb: An underground cemetery consisting of chambers or tunnels with recesses
for graves. There was a taboo of burying the dead near Roman cemeteries because
there were false gods there.
Domus Ecliasia: the houses of the congregation.
Eucharistic: The mass from the very 1st feast of dinning together.
Columbarium: a structure of vaults lined with recesses for cinerary urns the christian
one were larger.
Tufa: Stone that was dug into to make the Loculi
Loculus(-i, pl): Side cubicles for burial for poorer Christians and then sealed up with a
Wealthy Christians buried there dead in cubiculum. (Latin word for bed room) in the
Death Cʼs the wall paintings in style not that different but they do differ in subject matter.
Medallion: A painting or an engraving set in an oval or circular frame.
Lunettes: Semicircular forms that contains images. (In this picture images from Jonah
and the Fish)
Synchretism: Assimilating images and customs that already exist in contemporary
culture that are given new meanings.
Porphyry: name for vibrant purple stone use in statues or ex: in Constantine's
daughterʼs sarcophagus. Exclusively for imperial use.
Church of Santa Savina a roman basilica converted into a church.
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