Arch of Constantine early 4th CE, dedicated by the senate. Also used it as a staging
device, called a triumph involving the army and loot. Constantineʼs arch is interesting bc
it used recycled elements, to remind people of health and life in the empire in the past.
Used to remind ppl of the past bc it is now the beginning of the end. To remind
Constantine what made Rome great was sticking to Roman values.
SPOLIAS: Round medallions, despoiling something, wrecking something to make
something new to make a historical point. has nothing to do w shape
SERIFS: text convention still in use today, pointy endings on the end of letters, creating
micro shadows making text much more readable
INSULA: urban houses, like the apartment building. high density, for plebs. common
kitchens on ground ﬂoor, common latrines, made of Bricks and concrete. Ground ﬂoor
was also commercial, taverns pubs etc. few windows, small if there were.
DOMUS: Single family 1-2 story villa/home. Not in high density Rome
It was a port city for every 7 citizens there was a prostitute in to match, not as densely
pop as Rome. BC of the explosion we have an idea of the Roman Domus. Full self
contained structures, open feel, for the layout not a lot of compartmentalized spaces,
and were open upwards, over a pool in the middle, allowed for easy ligh