Art History March 6, 2014 03/06/2014
Side wall The Disputa
On the facing wall is the School of Athens
Which represents the triumph of Greek rationality and philosophy.
An imaginary gathering of philosophers, mathematicians, scientists etc. which have come together to
It is also connected to the contemporary Vatican the background is the new St. Peter’s Basilica.
Classical philosophy is set into a contemporary context underscoring truth revealed in current times.
At the centre of the painting Aristotle and Plato whom have greatly influenced philosophical thinking ever
The mathematical centre= Plato and Aristotle that which all philosophy revolves around, neither one is
better than the other
Plato is pointing upwards towards the realm of the ideal the heavens. Holding Timeoushis key book
Aristotle points downwards the realm of the physical. Holding Ethics his main work.
The School of Athens as an institution The Republic.
Renaissance philosophy fuses the spiritual and the material coming together.
Raphael includes a selfportrait.
Michelangelo is depicted as well, sketching over a marble block (the medium he became famous with)
Venice a game changer place in terms of how the style of art is disseminated and the visual influence
Remember the Bellini brothers Venetian design was a lot less conservative than that of the Florentine
wealth men were introverts about their money and weren’t as ostentatious. Venetians were a lot more
exuberant. Venetians were fond of landscape paintings which came from the Venetian school that as
established by the Bellini school.
Giorgione and Titian came from the Bellini school.
Titian inherits the status of being the official painted to the Republic when the last Bellini died. Titian lives to
be 99 years old.
Titian inherits a lot of paintings and commissions that Giorgione had started and finishes them.
Venetians really liked landscape paintings. Pure landscapes don’t emerge just yet but nature gets a lot
more attention now how much space it takes up of the painting. The size of human figures is shrinking
down human presence is taking up less shape while nature is taking over. Over the years humans
become less important.
We’re taking about landscape that is symbolic. Venice is an artificial island land is the most expensive commodity in Venice. Wealthiest city in the world
with the largest number of ‘billionaires’ in one place.
An incubator for disease exotic disease was able to easily penetrate the city and spread very quickly
Venice actually had a public health office responsible for quarantine and disease control. Progressive
disease prevention. Most water came from rain.
No live animals in the city
Many venetians ‘escaped’ to the mainland had summer houses to experience nature and get away from a
dense and diseased city.
Nature is depicted as poetically mysterious which turns nature into a visual fix for Venetians.
Poesie: a particular type of poetry that had an invocative nature a moodevoking poetry that celebrates
the peaceful quality of nature. Had a close relationship to the visual as well.
The Tempest Done in 1510
Was supposed to be a moodevoking painting.
Sets up an intimate relationship between bodies and nature . Venetians had a tentative relationship with
nature they lived in a manmade place.
Depicts the power of nature a storm is coming.
In the context of the poetic lens consider this a mood evoking conversation piece. No one is sure who the people represent in this painting.
This kind of an ima