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ART H210 Lecture Notes - Ludgate Circus, Gelatin, Ethical Movement

Art History
Course Code
ART H210
Andrea Korda

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Feb. 27, 2012
Chapter 7: Documenting Modern Life
*Martin, Dancing to the organ, Lambeth, 1893. Gelatin dry Plate; Platinum
Started as an engraver
Turned photos into engravings for books
Handheld (detective camera)
No one notices
*Martin, Caught! Off to Bridewell police station, c. 1900
Informal street Scene
Glass plates
*Martin, A porter at Billingsgate Market, 1893 & Magazine Seller, Ludgate
Circus, 1900. Platinum Print.
Urban modern city
More spontaneous
Blurring in the background because action was not stopped for the photo
*Martin, Swimming in the Serpentine, Hyde Park, 1900 & Couple on
Yarmouth Sands, 1894.
Going out and taking these spontaneous, candid images
Boys are kind of shocked that he is there.
Couple doesn’t even notice
Atget 1908 1925
Photographs Paris
Using old technologies
o Albumen paper, glass plates, and gelatin
Ends up being influential to later artists (surrealists)
Wonder the streets looking for interesting views
Has a larger camera, so still using a tripod (old technology)
Would go out early in the morning o capture empty spaces
Sold his photographs
o Many artists purchased for artistic studies
Hired by the city to photograph monuments of the city
Interested in the urban city, not modern city
o Alley ways (character architectural areas of the city)
Spaces left alone
*Alley way vs. The Café
Café is more modern
Pre modern Paris papered over the remains of old buildings
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Using longer exposure times so there are no people
*Shop Windows
Era of the department store
Seems old fashioned
Contrast with older buildings vs. the modern buildings
Likes to document interesting things that he finds
Really interested in the reflections in the window
He was interested in what was in the window but also the reflection of the
building across the road idea of layering
*Windows and Archs
* Railings, and doorknockers
Interested in all the detailing of objects and windows
Austen 1890’s
Female photographer
New York (Staten Island)
*Self Portrait
Not 100% sure on this one because there is no line going towards her to click the
Similar to Cameron
Photographs of everyday life, friends ect.
ALSO went into the city to photograph
Upper-class woman, never married and had family wealth
Stock market crash and great depression lead her to sell her stuff because she lost
all her money and was living with a female companion
Someone came across her images and found Austen and helped her to sell them.
Also turned her house into a museum
*Challenging of Sexual/ Gender Norms
Austen and her Friends dressing up in edgy, unfeminine and rebellious behaviour
*Images out in the streets
Similar to Martins and Thompsons images
Taking photos as pastime
Contrast to social reform photography
Snapshot to turn interest towards modern life.
Social Reform Photography
Barnardo Institute reform
*Riis, Police Station Lodgers (an old lodger and the plank on which she slept, c. 1898
Took their images with out their knowledge
Really emphasized their living conditions and how they are being treated
Aimed for social reform
Very controversial because of intrusion and lack of sympathy for these people
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