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Lecture

feb 29, 2012.docx


Department
Art History
Course Code
ART H210
Professor
Andrea Korda

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Wednesday
Feb. 29, 2012
CRIMINAL LIKENESS:
*Measurement room of the service Anthropometrique, Paris, c.1887
*Measuring head with Calipers, Paris, c.1887
Taken in Anthropromephric department
This room was made for this purpose
Promoted by Barteon in police department and headed up this
program.
Bertillon
*Usefulness of Ears, c.1887
Ear is important because the ear will remain the same when they
change other appearances.
*Identity Card for a Man c.1891
Speaking likenesses
Man has different measurements all around
Made for repeated offenders
*Synoptic Table of facial expressions for the purposes of systematic
Identification, according to Bertillon’s system
Systematic approach to identify people
Variations on how these appear on people
Systematic approach to criminality
Criminality read on the body read on the characteristics of
faces
Mug shots start to appear
Making it difficult for criminals to get away
*Jewish Prostitute
Collecting different mug shots with their name and description
about them and what they do
Shared stories
More formalized system for mug shots
Not very efficient all in one LARGE album
They had to rifle through to find them, and if not there a new
shot was made
Strong influence to get the system in place
*Jewish Prostitute vs. People of India
Both images have a description and numbered
Identity card to get population under control

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Galton
*Composite of the Members of the Family, 1878
Classifying people into types
Identify criminals and their type
Took negatives of criminals putting them on top of each other
and blending them to show similarities between younger and
older
Thought he could use this method to identify criminals
Though facial features that show could visually identify
criminals
*Composites of Criminals, 1880
This is the average of what people look like so we need to stop
people that look like this
Bigger forehead = smarter (bigger brain) s clearly they weren’t
criminals
Took images of various criminals and overlapped them
*Inquiries into Human Faculty and it development, 1883
*Jewish Type, 1885
This was applied to all types of groups
All out of curiosity
From the Jewish men’s club and school, idea came from Jewish
scientist that worked with Galton
Testing the stereotypes
This was thought of as progressive science experiments
At the origins of eugenics
Cutting edge f science also representation of dark side of
society
Seen as scientific racism
o Institutionalized through scientific research and education
Also seen as scientific truth
John Tag
Deals with images that cause these problems
Burden of representation
IMPORTANT turning point starts with institution of Modern art
(start an exhibition of history of photography) New Hall =
“History of Photography”
o More attention to images
o Photography as an art focus of photographers and uses
Took up images like these
o How are these photographs used?
o How do they generate relationships of power and
denomination?
Cant have one history of photography, but various histories
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