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Class Notes for Augustana Faculty - Psychology at University of Alberta

AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Divergent Thinking, Functional Fixedness, Mind-Wandering

Functional fixedness: refers to a tendency to be rigid in thinking about an objects function Problem solving set or Einstellung (attitude): beliefs, habits, or strategies used to solve a problem Like a heuristic When we ge...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Orbitofrontal Cortex, Affective Forecasting, Problem Solving

Utility maximization: many of our decisions try to maximize the greatest expected value Utility refers to value Not all decisions are made to reflect that Framing changed the choicesdecisions Positively framed versus negat...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Belief Perseverance, Sample Size Determination, Junkers D.I

Emphasizing chance cues statistical reasoning Consider a story about a restaurant assessment based on a single meal chosen by one person Is this an informed assessment? Now imagine...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture 24: AUPSY 263 Notes 24

The representativeness heuristic All lawyers or all engineers are homogenous (a stereotype) Problem: when we assume a category is homogenous and specific instances will always resemble that category Some categories are not...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Availability Heuristic, Linguistic Relativity, Representativeness Heuristic

Limits on biological preparation for language Wolf children children who were found being raised by wolves Rehabilitation limits They missed out on the very important period where language is learned Linguistic relativity:...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Aphasia, Roast Beef, Sarah Scott

Extralinguistic context: Physical social setting in which you hear something affects how you understand it Prosody: the patterns of pauses and pitch changes that characterizes speech production Emphasizes dif...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Categorical Perception, Phoneme, Parsing

Pollack and Pickett (1964) Spliced out words from conversation Easily identified in context Hard to do without context Context example It was found that the *eel was on the ___ The beginning of the word was covered by a bu...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Tahiti, Morpheme, Phoneme

Language There are ~7000 languages to date New Guinea has 750 languages Unique to humans in its complexity Present in all cultures Essential for knowledge and culture For acquiring and transmitting knowledge and culture La...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Counterfeit Money, Coffeemaker, Simple Features

Category membership and typicality Prototypes that are based on averaged exemplars A process of triggering memories Atypical features do not exclude category members Altered lemon injected with sugar water, painted with re...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Prototype Theory, Pickup Truck

Testing the Prototype Notion The sentence verification task True or false? Robins are birds. Penguins are birds. People are typically quicker to respond to robins ar...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture 17: AUPSY 263 Notes 17

Causes of better memory for emotional events Narrowing of attention narrow focus on the event because it is important More rehearsal more thinking about the event leading up to it and more recall of the event after Flashbu...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Egg Salad, Forgetting Curve, Hypnosis

Misinformation effect: when a persons memory of an event becomes less accurate due to post-event information Viewed footage of car accident Some asked how fast were the cars going when they smashed into each other? and som...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Thiamine, Anterograde Amnesia, Autobiographical Memory

Korsakoffs syndrome Vitamin B1 deficiency because of alcoholism Experience severe anterograde amnesia Anterograde amnesia No loss of existing memories Damage to the hippocampus and surrounding brain regions Difficulty form...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Rhinal Cortex, Implicit Memory, Lexical Decision Task

Recall Ask participants to generate item with or without a cue What was the name of the restaurant that we went to? Requires search through memory to recollect that information Recognition Can reply on source memory, simil...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
AUPSY 263 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Endel Tulving

Depth of processing promotes recall by facilitating retrieval Consider learning as a way to establish indexing, a path to the information Connections between items to be remembered facilitate retrieval C...

Augustana Faculty - Psychology
AUPSY 263
Kathie Bailey
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Viral Meningitis, Epidural Hematoma, Meningococcal Disease

p er m a ch a rts MT NNervous System Disorders 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Acute Stress Reaction, Abnormal Psychology, Conversion Disorder

permacharts MT Abnormal Psychology 2nd EDITION INTRODUCTION ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Sigmund Freud, Classical Conditioning

permacharts MT College Psychology College Psychology 2nd EDITION ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Penis Envy, Anal Retentiveness, Castration Anxiety

permacharts TM Developmental Psychologyy 2nd EDITION INFANCY ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
All Professors

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