BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Linnaean Taxonomy, Binomial Nomenclature, Knowledge Engineering

55 views4 pages
Lecture 2
Wendsday – ilciker quiz for LAST WEEKS lecture (5 questions, this Wednesday wont
count for real but other quizzes will)
Taxonmy and Systematics:
Nomenclature: a system of rules for naming things
Taxonomy: the practice of namig a classifying organisms
oTaxo = arrange (greek)
oNomos = knowledge / science
Systematics: the theory ( and practice) of classifying organisms based on evolutionary
history
oPhylogeny:
Problems with Common Names:
oDifferent names for same speicies
Common names differ among countries
Can also occur within the same language
The same scientific name can represent different common names
oSame name for different species
Varies by country and language (what we call a “magpie” is completely
different in Australia)
oCommon name may imply relationships that do not exist
Ex: “northern water thrush” is not a thrush at all
Linnaean System: (who is he***)
Use of latin as universal language of scientific nomenclature
Use of unique binomen as name of each species
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
abbylukasik1012 and 38248 others unlocked
BIOL108 Full Course Notes
36
BIOL108 Full Course Notes
Verified Note
36 documents

Document Summary

Wendsday ilciker quiz for last weeks lecture (5 questions, this wednesday wont count for real but other quizzes will) Nomenclature: a system of rules for naming things. Taxonomy: the practice of namig a classifying organisms: taxo = arrange (greek, nomos = knowledge / science. Systematics: the theory ( and practice) of classifying organisms based on evolutionary history: phylogeny: Problems with common names: different names for same speicies. The same scientific name can represent different common names: same name for different species. Varies by country and language (what we call a magpie is completely different in australia: common name may imply relationships that do not exist. Ex: northern water thrush is not a thrush at all. Use of latin as universal language of scientific nomenclature. Use of unique binomen as name of each species. Classify and group species using hierarchical categories based on relatedness and or similarity.

Get access

Grade+20% off
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers

Related Documents