Notes: BIOL 495January 8, 2014
By: Victory Obiefuna
“How to critique a paper”
Hypothesis and predictions
• Is the hypothesis clear? Did they make their predictions
Relevance and importance (subjective. There can also be a
• Materials and Methods
o Is it clearly written?
o Proper control, can this study be replicated, what is the experimental
o Response variable. Relevant?
o Sample size?
When you have multiple things that are being exposed to the same
conditions, that is really just a sample size of one.
This is used to “trick” you into thinking that the sample size is
larger than it is
P value = 0.05. less or equal to 0.05 ▯significant. More than 0.05 ▯
o Feel free to suggest improvements
o Summarize what was found
o Compare the results to the methods to understand the relevance of them
o Are the results consistent with the pre