CHEM101 Lecture Notes - Nicolas Flamel, Bombast Von Hohenheim, Joseph Priestley

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CHEM101 Full Course Notes
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CHEM101 Full Course Notes
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Fundamental chemistry laws: historic review, dalton"s atomic theory, substructure of the atom, elements, isotopes, and ions, the periodic table. Greeks: processing of various natural metals copper, iron, silver, gold (ornaments, matter is composed of 4 fundamental elements: fire, earth, water and air, democritus proposed that matter is made of indivisible particles called atomos (atoms) ~100 a. d. - 1650 alchemists ( alchemist comes from arabic: greece, egypt, middle east europe. In early stages, influenced by the greeks that believed that matter strives towards perfection, the alchemist sought to convert (transmute) lesser metals into pure metals such as gold. 12 and 13th centuries a shift from alchemy. Moving from traditional emphasis of transmutation towards moral, spiritual and philosophical transmutation. Nicholas flamel (of harry potter fame) (1330 - 1417?: philosopher"s stone, elixir of life but also promoting christian morality and salvation. 16th century: alchemists are turning into serious scientists, discovering various elements and preparing various compounds.

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