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Lecture 7

CLASS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Dactylic Hexameter, Homeric Hymns, Euripides

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Katherine Mac Kay

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1/4 of the work force in greece
considered normal
manual labor, personal service, art, literature
-often foreigners; when a city took over another city
-no rights
-Lauren Silver Mines: where most money came from
wealth that the Athens were able to create were on the backs of people who were down at
the mine
-Roman world was more important than Greek cuz of the social class
roman freedmen : politically important cuz could vote
-roman variations of Greek myth
take greek gods and change them to their way of life
-roman period in Greece (30 BC - 1453 AD)
-geographically isolated but influenced by Greece
-started of monarchy —> roman republic —roman empire —> monarchy
-didn’t have many myths (not real relationships with gods), the myths they do have were
adopted from Greece
-language: latin
Sources for classical myth
-influence of near eastern myth
-stories told orally not written down
early sources: Homer
-aoidoi and rhapsodes: composers, write the myths down and recite them
-dactylic hexameter: rhythm
-fixed epithets: adjectives
Literary Sources:
-Archaic Period (800-490)
Homer writes about epic (legend, stories of the great heroes)
-Iliad, Odyssey
-poietes = maker (creation, divine myth)
-describes himself that he inspired by the muses and associated with Euboea
-occupation: farmer (real or just a set up to write poems about it?)
-post-homeric epics
-homeric hymns: deigned to be performed publicly for god
-archaic lyric poetry
-classical Period (490-323 C)
tragedy (Athens)
-deals with current day social problems but in a mythical lens
euripides: focus on abnormal state, criticized that he portrays gods in a disrespectful
-hellenistic period (323-30BC)
write in high literary language, hard to read
find more resources at
find more resources at
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