Capitalist developmental state a capital system in which the state plays a large role. =
South Korea is the 1st of four little dragons, countries that are not big but have done
very well since ww2
1- South Korea
3- Singapore(city state -founded as a port, ﬁnancing hubs)
4- Hong Kong(city state -founded as a port, ﬁnancing hubs)
China is Important as an exporter and a new consumer.
POST WAR JAPAN
1945-1952 - occupied by US, Known as ʻSCAPʼ - supreme commanders of the allied
powers, widely considered the most benevolent occupation in modern times
ʼ52-ʼ60 - recovery is gradual, not spectacular
ʼ60-ʼ72 - economic miracle(by design) - done by the middle class life, searching for the
bright life - akarui seikatsu
ʼ70ʼs - successful adjustments bc of oil crisis, look at making fuel efﬁcient cars,
consumer electronics, away from ship building.
ʻ92-93 - 45000 to 10000 stock market but the economy has stagnated for over a decade
Movie/Film Clip/ News Reel for the US Occupation
Try to ʻbrainwashʼ the asiatics to make modern realistic sense.
2- Political reforms - pushing the Jʼs to make a constitution, largely written by the
Americans, often called the Mac Arthur Constitution. Written by young american
graduates. Very liberal. Good for women and unions.
3- Economic reforms - Zaibatsu Busting. Mitsubishi was split into over 100 different
4- Education and Culture - Individualism in school, Active promotion of Western culture,
ethical classes prohibited. SCAP, banned critical texts of the US/ Western
Film clips (Jazz sound of democracy, baseball came back)
Economic miracle, some tension between the troops and politicians. Midway through
the occupation, US stopped trying to punish Japan because CHINA went rogue in 1949
1950-3 Korean War
Japan is now the best ally they have over in Asia, Some SCAP reforms reversed, back
to managed capitalism. Conservative, Liberal Democratic Party LDP is in power.
Create tight bonds with inﬂuential companies keiretsu (co-ownership idea) the new
Zaibatsu. Great politician Ikeda Hayato (1899-1965) PM 1960-64 became PM on the slogan of the
income doubling plan. Everyone's Income would double in ten years, they did it in 7!!!!
Also didnʼt care about international relations in ʼ62 normalized relations w China.
Created the most docile labour force in the world. Forced companies to give workers
beneﬁts. Great incentive.
Peak of his career happened in ʼ64, the Tokyo Olympics
Big opportunity for Japan, a show case for the country. Wanted to send a message of
Sakai Yoshinori carried the torch because, (was 19 at the time) was born on the day that
the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
The other message was trust, and economic recovery and progress. the symbol of
progress was the Bullet train!! ZOOMIE!!!!(Shinkansen) in 1964
So here is the ʻbright lifeʼ. People became focused on the three treasures - fridge,
washing machine and the TV from the sword the curved jewel and the mirror.
The scary idea of Japan Inc. that the US had.
In the US there were 27 TV companies , there is now one. In Japan there were ten then
and there are