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EASIA101 (14)
Lecture

This covers the lecture on the four dragons

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Department
East Asian Studies
Course
EASIA101
Professor
Mikael Adolphson
Semester
Fall

Description
Capitalist developmental state a capital system in which the state plays a large role. = Japanese version South Korea is the 1st of four little dragons, countries that are not big but have done very well since ww2 1- South Korea 2- Taiwan 3- Singapore(city state -founded as a port, financing hubs) 4- Hong Kong(city state -founded as a port, financing hubs) China is Important as an exporter and a new consumer. POST WAR JAPAN 1945-1952 - occupied by US, Known as ʻSCAPʼ - supreme commanders of the allied powers, widely considered the most benevolent occupation in modern times ʼ52-ʼ60 - recovery is gradual, not spectacular ʼ60-ʼ72 - economic miracle(by design) - done by the middle class life, searching for the bright life - akarui seikatsu ʼ70ʼs - successful adjustments bc of oil crisis, look at making fuel efficient cars, consumer electronics, away from ship building. ʻ92-93 - 45000 to 10000 stock market but the economy has stagnated for over a decade now. Movie/Film Clip/ News Reel for the US Occupation Try to ʻbrainwashʼ the asiatics to make modern realistic sense. 1- De-militarize. 2- Political reforms - pushing the Jʼs to make a constitution, largely written by the Americans, often called the Mac Arthur Constitution. Written by young american graduates. Very liberal. Good for women and unions. 3- Economic reforms - Zaibatsu Busting. Mitsubishi was split into over 100 different companies 4- Education and Culture - Individualism in school, Active promotion of Western culture, ethical classes prohibited. SCAP, banned critical texts of the US/ Western writers/thinkers. Film clips (Jazz sound of democracy, baseball came back) Economic miracle, some tension between the troops and politicians. Midway through the occupation, US stopped trying to punish Japan because CHINA went rogue in 1949 October 1st. 1950-3 Korean War Japan is now the best ally they have over in Asia, Some SCAP reforms reversed, back to managed capitalism. Conservative, Liberal Democratic Party LDP is in power. Create tight bonds with influential companies keiretsu (co-ownership idea) the new Zaibatsu. Great politician Ikeda Hayato (1899-1965) PM 1960-64 became PM on the slogan of the income doubling plan. Everyone's Income would double in ten years, they did it in 7!!!! Also didnʼt care about international relations in ʼ62 normalized relations w China. Created the most docile labour force in the world. Forced companies to give workers benefits. Great incentive. Peak of his career happened in ʼ64, the Tokyo Olympics Big opportunity for Japan, a show case for the country. Wanted to send a message of peace. Sakai Yoshinori carried the torch because, (was 19 at the time) was born on the day that the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. The other message was trust, and economic recovery and progress. the symbol of progress was the Bullet train!! ZOOMIE!!!!(Shinkansen) in 1964 So here is the ʻbright lifeʼ. People became focused on the three treasures - fridge, washing machine and the TV from the sword the curved jewel and the mirror. The scary idea of Japan Inc. that the US had. In the US there were 27 TV companies , there is now one. In Japan there were ten then and there are
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