Class Notes (838,952)
Canada (511,158)
History (272)
HIST260 (47)
Lecture 4

HIST260 Lecture 4: ThefurtradesocietyinNewFranceafter1663lecture4

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ens Gerhard

The fur trade society in New France after 1663 1. The fur trade frontier 1663-1700 - Iroquois/French wars and the crisis of New France - Initially the iroquois have the upper hand because they know how to fight in the new world - Not fighting big battles instead small wars - When the French figure this out the war becomes anyone's to win - Eventually a peace is made in 1701 - Royal government and the arrival of troops - The Rebirth of the Fur Trade and the French move inland a. Protection of the troops - No one wanted to be the new middleman for the french fur trade - Changed dramatically how the French Crown will profit off the fur trade - They sell licenses to be able to trade furs in a specific location - Crown sends over large numbers of soldiers to defend the colony on the St. Lawrence - Start building inland posts to protect inland transportation - To make this worth while for the army they are given the right to trade furs as well - Merchants send their own men into the interior to collect furs - Military posts along the way act as safe houses b. Fixed beaver prices - Protected in indian country by living with friendly bands with whom they trade - Tremendously rapid expansion of the fur trade - The crown realizes that one of the things merchants need to invest is that there must be some guaranteed profit at the end of it - The crown guaranteed a price for furs in france c. Exploration and empire - By 1680s there are over 600 men wintering in canada annually - The crown decides they're going to try to diversify the population to stabilize a farming colony - Send ships of women called daughters of the king to marry french male settlers - Most French men wanted to make money so they wanted to find furs not farm but the crown wanted men to farm - By the 1670s/1680s the French takes the war to the Iroquois - By the 1690s the crown is losing money on beavers - Too many furs are coming in - The french monarchy decides to keep the price high even though they are losing money they see that there are imperial benefits - Right around this time is the war of the spanish succession 1701 - Charles the 2nd dies in 1700 the next in line is Philip the 5th - If Philip the 5th succeeds charles the 2nd France will be deeply allied with Spain - No solution but war between the bourbon and the hopsurs - French kept the
More Less

Related notes for HIST260

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.