January 10 2013 History 261
Canada at 1867
As a new nation Canada (hereafter CND) was mostly united on economic terms and didn’t have
any united struggle of myths. CND had a small population of less than 3.5 million, and was
located literally along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. It was located figuratively
between Great Britain and the United States of America (hereafter GB and US or USA,
respectively).The area north of CND called either the North West Territory/Region (hereafter
NWT) or Rupert’s Land was a colony of GB though it was administered by HBC.
British Columbia became a province of CND in 1870 after the acquisition of the NWT while PEI
joined federation in 1873. They had initially avoided confederation as they had thought it
marginalize them but in an odd twist, avoid confederation resulted in an economic
marginalization which lead to their petition to join CND. NFLD maintained it status as part of the
British Empire proper until 1949.
The Canadian People
In the combined area of British Columbia and the NWT there was a population of
~140,000aboriginal peoples. Of the whole population of CND 1/3 spoke French, most of whom
lived in Québec (hereafter QC) or were part of the Maritimes Acadians or the Red River Métis.
Around 1.5 million of the population still considered themselves to be British, either through
ancestry, choice, or immigration. This group of people consisted mostly of Loyalist whom had
fled from the US War of Independence, English, Welsh, Irish, and Scottish immigrants as well as
~ 30,000 people of African decent whom had come from the US. Said 30,000 had been
promised good land for fighting on the side of the British during the War of Independence as
well as their freedom (CND had abolished slavery in 1793 and the Empire in 1833) but received
very poor land.
The Emergence of Industrial Capitalism
• Worker’s Response
• Gender, Class, and Paternal Orders
• Social Life and Leisure
• The Family
• Canada’s first Industrial Revolution (Next Class) Paternalism
Definition: It is the social relations in the pre-1850 years, developed within a system of status,
hierarchies, symbols, privileges, and loyalties where a particular style of leadership and
economic organization evolved in ways that it reached beyond the simple force of material
*(Pre-1850 =Pre-CND Industrial Revolution)
It was based on the economic might but was more complicated than just that as it also
encompassed more social norms.(ex: the image of a kindly father figure patting the heads of his
workers) It grew of the need to justify exploitation and mediate inherently incompatible interests
that had not yet hardened into class antagonisms. It also rationalizes inequality, and creates a
hierarchical order for class, gender and ethnicities. While it gave the opportunity for kindness
and affection from the upper echelons to be expressed to the lower down, it also rested on real
economic, political, and social power which allowed for abuse, harshness, and cruelty.
Apprenticeship to Journeyman Status
The Apprentice system that had been in effect prior to paternalism worked in the following way.
Young children would be given over to a Master of a craft or shop by their parents for a specific
period of time where they were expected to learn the ‘Mysteries of the Craft’ from the Master. It
was marked by a set of obligations and expectations on both sides. The y