Class Notes (810,570)
Canada (494,151)
History (270)
HIST261 (46)

January 10 2013 History 261.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Alberta
Eric Strikwerda

January 10 2013 History 261 Canada at 1867 Situating Canada As a new nation Canada (hereafter CND) was mostly united on economic terms and didn’t have any united struggle of myths. CND had a small population of less than 3.5 million, and was located literally along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. It was located figuratively between Great Britain and the United States of America (hereafter GB and US or USA, respectively).The area north of CND called either the North West Territory/Region (hereafter NWT) or Rupert’s Land was a colony of GB though it was administered by HBC. British Columbia became a province of CND in 1870 after the acquisition of the NWT while PEI joined federation in 1873. They had initially avoided confederation as they had thought it marginalize them but in an odd twist, avoid confederation resulted in an economic marginalization which lead to their petition to join CND. NFLD maintained it status as part of the British Empire proper until 1949. The Canadian People In the combined area of British Columbia and the NWT there was a population of ~140,000aboriginal peoples. Of the whole population of CND 1/3 spoke French, most of whom lived in Québec (hereafter QC) or were part of the Maritimes Acadians or the Red River Métis. Around 1.5 million of the population still considered themselves to be British, either through ancestry, choice, or immigration. This group of people consisted mostly of Loyalist whom had fled from the US War of Independence, English, Welsh, Irish, and Scottish immigrants as well as ~ 30,000 people of African decent whom had come from the US. Said 30,000 had been promised good land for fighting on the side of the British during the War of Independence as well as their freedom (CND had abolished slavery in 1793 and the Empire in 1833) but received very poor land. The Emergence of Industrial Capitalism Topics: • Paternalism • Worker’s Response • Gender, Class, and Paternal Orders • Social Life and Leisure • The Family • Canada’s first Industrial Revolution (Next Class) Paternalism Definition: It is the social relations in the pre-1850 years, developed within a system of status, hierarchies, symbols, privileges, and loyalties where a particular style of leadership and economic organization evolved in ways that it reached beyond the simple force of material superiority. *(Pre-1850 =Pre-CND Industrial Revolution) It was based on the economic might but was more complicated than just that as it also encompassed more social norms.(ex: the image of a kindly father figure patting the heads of his workers) It grew of the need to justify exploitation and mediate inherently incompatible interests that had not yet hardened into class antagonisms. It also rationalizes inequality, and creates a hierarchical order for class, gender and ethnicities. While it gave the opportunity for kindness and affection from the upper echelons to be expressed to the lower down, it also rested on real economic, political, and social power which allowed for abuse, harshness, and cruelty. Apprenticeship to Journeyman Status The Apprentice system that had been in effect prior to paternalism worked in the following way. Young children would be given over to a Master of a craft or shop by their parents for a specific period of time where they were expected to learn the ‘Mysteries of the Craft’ from the Master. It was marked by a set of obligations and expectations on both sides. The y
More Less

Related notes for HIST261

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.