Feb 24 2014
The CND Wheat Board
EST in July 31 1919, the CND Wheat Board (hereafter CND WB) was meant to ease the transition from war to
peacetime economy, and was popular with farmers.
During this period much of the industrial world slipped back into the same recession that was occurring before the
war. The CND WB was meant to be a temporary thing but was so popular with small farming families that
dominated the prairies that it remained until it was removed in the 21st century by the Harper Regime. The CND
WB had a monopoly on the sale of CND domestic and export crop and export flour. They received all CND
producers wheat at fixed advance or initial payment and disbursed additional funds secured from sales on interim
and final payments
Producers got 2.15$/bushel plus 'participation certificates', howeverAmericans were trading at 2.25/bushel. But by
using the participation certificates given to them by the CND WB CND’s were able to get an additional 40₵ in May,
30₵ in July and 18₵ in Oct. totaling for 2.63$/bushel.
This is possible because the CND WB was able to hold wheat off the market thus driving the prices up. This was
really good for the family farm but not for the corporate farms which was why it was removed in the Harper
The main grievances of the farmers were still high tariffs, grain dealers, and the CPR charging freights rates that
were too high in addition to rumours that they were colluding with elevator operators who were mixing the wheat
with dust and what not to reduce its values on the world market.
American immigrants from the midwest and Trans -Mississippi region started coming into western CND around the
end of the war and they brought with them new political ideas that hadAmerican bents. They also brought farmers
organizations, the idea that as a class in society farmers deserve more respect than they get because they work with
the earth. They also brought in Third Party Protest, Direct Legislation (where a number of citizens not in
government write up some legislation and try to get it passed), the Grain Growers Association, and the idea of the
Also during this time a large number of British immigrants were coming to the prairies and when their British
ideologies met withAmerican ideals this created as distinct prairie ideology. They brought with them a socialist
tradition of working towards the good for all, the vocabulary of grievances, and the idea of combining working class
interests and farmer interests.
Henry Wise Wood and Group Government
Henry Wise Wood was anAmerican who wanted to radically transform how legislation and the House of Commons
worked by doing away with the traditional two party traditions and instead have a Group Government. There each
section of society would be represented in the legislature based on occupation.
THE PROGRESSIVES - THE WEST
Some Western CND people get together and decide that since neither the Liberals nor the Conservatives are serving
their interests any more that they should form a third party, the Progressive Party (hereafter PP). The PP different
class and character from Central CND, and storm Ottawa in the 1921 elections. For various reasons they don’t really
The people who supported the PP were angry about many things but mo