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Lecture

HIST261ImmigrationinCanadainthelate1800s.pdf

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Department
History
Course Code
HIST261
Professor
Margaret Rockwell

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HIST 261: Immigration 1800’s/1900’s           1   Immigration in the Late 1800’s and Early 1900’s January 22nd 2014 Being British was important to Canadians 1859: Charles Darwin, Origin of Species  ● Social Darwinist would use the idea of natural selection to explain society ● Britain controlled the seas and the most land, therefore they were the best, therefore they should  lead.  ● Canada wanted to be British, so it began to send non­europeans out of Canada ● Many thought settlers in the west should reflect the anglo­saxon world Donald Smith: supported railway, proud imperialist As more and more people came to the west, more and more goods came, and plans for bridges began  to develop ● Low level bridge was complete in 1902 to connect Edmonton and Strathcona  ● Edmonton Yukon pacific railway wanted to connect with CPR. CPR didn’t want the connection  and did everything they could to block it Wilfrid Laurier: “the 20th century belongs to Canada” ● became prime minister in 1896, first french­speaking prime minister. Leader of liberal party ● goal: national unity, bilingual, bicultural  ● Manitoba Schools Question:  ○ Anglo­protestant insisted on uniform school system ○ 1890: Thomas Greenway (Manitoba’s premier) eliminated official bilingualism, and  made a public school system, non­ denominational (but really protestant), and English.  ○ 1891: courts ruled that the province was within it’s rights, but the federal government  could make changes  ○ Federal government proposed separate schools, but the province refused. ● Wilfrid Laurier sympathized with the french catholic, but recognized the province had  sovereignty. Came up with a compromise: 30 minutes of catholi
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