HIST 261: Urbanization 1900’s 1
Urbanization Throughout the 1900’s
February 14th 2014
During 20th century, Canada changed into a more urban and industrial nation from a very rural county.
Urban issues plagued cities like Montreal and Toronto.
At confederation, more than 80% of the country working in agriculture, fishing, and the timber industry.
Only ⅕ people lived in cities with a population of more than a 1000
● Montreal, Quebec City, and Toronto were the only big cities
● House size determined social status, but no spatial separation between rich and poor
● People lived near their business
● Montreal did have working class districts near factories, wealthy people were moving to the
west end, away from industry. Eventually other cities would follow montreal.
Growing Industrialization in the 1900’s attracted people off the farms and into the cities to find work.
Farmers had labour saving machines and didn’t needs lots of people. Often city jobs were better
paying, had better working condition.
● the migration to the cities caused some anxiety
○ people worried about young people moving into the city, believing morals would be
Working class people would rent rooms in boarding houses near factories.
Cities faced housing shortages, especially after the war with returning veterans. People would live in
tents, share houses while they waited for the construction of their homes.
Class division started to become more obvious. Up to half of working class lived below or