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Lecture 21

HIST285 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Arcadio Huang, Gustave Flaubert, Pierre LotiPremium

3 pages63 viewsFall 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST285
Professor
Dr.Brian Gold
Lecture
21

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Orientalism!
o Ancient!Greeks!vs!the!Persians!
§ Xerxes!–!480!BCE’!
o Emperor!Augustus!vs!Egyptianized!Mark!Antony!
§ Cleopatra!–!died!30!BCE!
o Western!Church!vs!Eastern!Church!or!feudal!Western!Europe!(Crusaders)!vs!
Byzantium!
§ ‘Byzantine’!!
4.a!“of,!relating!to,!or!characterized!by!a!devious!and!usually!
surreptious+manner!of!operation!<!a!byzantine!power!struggle!>!!
4.b.!intricately!involved:!<!rules!of!byzantine!complexity!>!!
§ W.E.H.!Lecky’s!History+of+European+Morals,!1869,!“Of!that!Byzantine!
Empire!the!universal!verdict!of!history!is!that!it!constitutes,!without!a!
single!exception,!the!most!thoroughly!base!and!despicable!form!that!
civilisation!has!yet!assumed!…!There!has!been!no!other!enduring!
civilisation!so!destitute!of!all!the!forms!and!elements!of!greatness.!…!Its!
vices!were!the!vices!of!men!who!had!ceased!to!be!brave!without!learning!
to!be!virtuous.!…!Slaves,!and!willing!slaves,!in!both!their!actions!and!their!
thoughts,!immersed!in!sensuality!and!in!the!most!frivolous!pleasures,!the!
people!only!emerged!from!their!listlessness!when!some!theological!
subtlety,!or!some!chivalry!in!the!chariot,!stimulated!them!to!frantic!riots!
…!The!history!of!the!Empire!is!a!monotonous!story!of!the!intrigues!of!
priests,!eunuchs!and!women,!of!poisonings,!of!conspiracies,!of!uniform!
ingratitude,!of!perpetual!fratricides.”!
!
o Christendom!/!West!vs.!Islam!/!Middle!East!
§ Crusaders!vs.!Islam,!11th-13th!centuries!!
§ Harems!–!18th!century!
§ Napoleonic!campaigns!in!Egypt!
§ Colonialism!–!‘Lawrence!of!Arabia’!
§ Present-day?!/!1979!Iranian!Revolution!
!
China-Exotic-–-France-
o Louis!XIV!patronage!of!Jesuits,!starts!of!“sinology”!
§ Arcadio!Huang!
o Four!elements!
§ Grace!and!delicacy!–!silk,!porcelain!
§ Sensuality!
§ Violence!and!barbarism!
§ Realm!of!melancholy!–!opium!(19th!century!sentimental!nostalgia)!
o Gustave!Flaubert!
§ Sentimental+Education,+1869!
French!romance,!Chinoiserie!(french)!background!!
o Pierre!Loti!!
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