Class Notes (810,292)
Canada (494,048)
LING101 (22)

LING 101 (09/09/13) - Semantics: Lecture 3

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Alberta
Timothy Mills

LING 101: Lecture Notes (September 9,2013) Lecture 3 Denotation – the literal meaning of a word w/o “emotional baggage”  Ex. “studying” o Denotation: “The act of enforcing learned topics and concepts into memory” o NOT Denotation: “Something I have to do to not fail my class” Connotation – additional meaning other than the literal ones (personal meaning)  Emotional associations may be involved o Ex. “dog” – may illicit fear in people who see them as “wild, viscous animals”  Words can have different connotations depending on the person o Ex. “home” – may be portrayed in someone’s mind as a “cozy and warm place with a loving family atmosphere” while another person may think of the word as “somewhere I eat, sleep, and shower”  There are also social/cultural aspects tied in with connotations o Ex. The dictionary definition of “vagrant” and “homeless” are pretty much the same but in the real world, the word “vagrant” has a negative connotation (“dirty, smelly, thieving homeless person”) while “homeless” has a very neutral connotation (“someone who doesn’t have a home to live in”) Extension – a real world example of the said word  Ex. An extension of the word “apple” can be “What prompted Newton to coin the word gravity”  Ex. An extension of “Queen Elizabeth” can be “The face seen on the tail side of today’s Canadian coins  Extensions are not set in stone though as real world examples may change… what if a few years from now, a different person of importance were to become the tail side of our Canadian coins? Then the extension would have to change to accommodate that. Intension – a descriptive definition of the said word; defining properties  Ex. An intension of “pencil” can be “A writing instrument that uses graphite”  Ex. An intension of “water bottle” can be “a cylindrical container used by humans to carry water for future drinking” Semantic Features – elements of meaning in the most basic form (ex. male, female, human) Componential analysis – is the process of breaking down words into their semantic features (ex. woman = female, human, adult) Natural class – words/concepts that share a common feature(s)  Classes may behav
More Less

Related notes for LING101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.