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Lecture

LING 101 (09/11/13) Semantics Review & Lexicalization/Grammaticalization

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LING101
Professor
Timothy Mills
Semester
Fall

Description
LING 101(September 11, 2013) Semantics Review + Grammaticalization/Lexicalization Semantics – the study of meaning in human language Polysemy – one word, 2+ meanings DO NOT get THESE CONFUSED! Homophone – words with the same sound Homonym – category of words that includes homographs and homophones Homograph – words with the same spelling but different pronunciation and different meanings Hyponymy/hypernymy – “kind of” and “categorically includes” relationship respectively Meronymy/holonymy – “part of” and “is the whole that contains *word+” relationship respectively Synonymy – words with similar meanings Antonymy – words with opposing meanings Paraphrase – 2 or more sentences worded differently but have the same meaning Entailment – the truth of one sentence implies the truth of another sentence (one-way relationship) Contradiction – the truth of one sentence falsifies that of the other Extension – a real life example; what a word points to in the real world  Extensions can be empty if the word doesn’t have an existence in the real world (ex. W
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