LING101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Bound And Unbound Morphemes, Affix, Part Of Speech

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Morphology patterning of morphemes into words study of the internal structure of words morpheme smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or function a word can be made up of one morpheme, ex. bird, boy, eat, small. Inflection deals with multiple forms of individual words, involves affixation. Tagalog /lakad/ walk"; /l-um-akad/ walked" ~~ -um-" changes it to past tense ex. Allomorphs are not always represented in orthography (writing) example cap, caps; bag, bags; bridge, bridges. Derivational forming a new word with a different meaning. May change the lexical category ex. king kingdom (n n) commit commitment (v n) practice. [ m-]/#__[+bilabial] for the morpheme, choose the one that is /elsewhere, because it occurs in the broadest set of environments morphological trees write word, name segments, draw lines combining until you get the full word. Morphological patterns and language typology in what ways do languages form words does every language have its own strategy? (no) some notation conventions.

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