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MUSIC101 Lecture Notes - Ternary Form

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David Gramit

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Sonata Form The heart of the classical style Oct. 5
The feel of Classical form
- Classical form makes more sense the more you have a feel for the forms and the expectations they
- One of the main expectations is resolution
-That need to be clear accounts for the homophonic textures and clearer phrasing weve heard
Distinctiveness Themes are distinct from the transitions around them
Repetition You expect a theme to be repeated when its introduced
Cadences Themes are often closed off with several clear cadences
Clarity, Tension and Resolution all come together in the sonata form
- Expanding ternary form: A B A
- OR: a musical version of a basic plot the quest
- In its own terms: Exposition Development Recapitulation
- Statement and establishment of tension
- Tension comes from a single dramatized modulation to a secondary key (always)
-and from contrasting themes (often)
Theme 1 Bridge (modulation) Theme 2 (closing theme)
- Heightening of tension
- Frequent modulation to a variety of keys
- Thematic fragmentation, often polyphonic textures
- Typically ends with re-transition leading back to
- Functions to provide that satisfying return
- Sometimes almost identical to the exposition except what was heard in a secondary key comes back in
the tonic
- Sometimes, things are compressed or varied as long as the sense of return is satisfied
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