NURS341 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Qualitative Research, Literature Review, Grounded Theory

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NURS 341 Statistics (Reading research, chapter 2 readings)
Introduction
- Outlines background of problem or issue being examined, summarizes the existing
literature on subject, and states research questions, objectives and possible hypothesis
- Central ideas, concepts, variables
- In some cases, researchers test a Hypothesis states the predicted relationship
between 2 or more variables related to the research intervention
- Literature review
Methods
- Describes techniques used to conduct the study, including design, sample, setting and
data collection and analysis
Design
- Plan for answering the research question
- 1. What is the research approach? (qualitative, quantitative, mixed-methods?)
- 2. What is the research design?
Qualitative designs
- analyzing words, observations, describe, interpret meanings
- Qualitative research gain in-depth uderstadig i atural settig, study people’s
perceptions and experiences
- Inductive analysis (specific data to broad)
- Flexible Emergent design strategies (ex. altering sampling strategy to explore a concept
identified in data analysis)
- Often used when little is known about topic
Phenomenology research
- Focuses o eaig of people’s experiences concerning some phenomenon
- Descriptive and interpretive phenomenology (hermeneutical)
Grounded theory
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- Objective is to explore social processes that guide human interaction
- Data collected and analyzed concurrently by constant comparison of new data with
information already collected
- Theoretical sampling to verify category properties and relationships among them
Ethnography research
- Seeks to understand the world view of a cultural group
- Lengthy observational periods, field notes
- Thick description, very detailed account of cultural behaviors and practices
Narrative research
- Examines oral/written story that describes a series of events that took place
Participatory action research
- Collaboration between researchers and those with a problem and a perceived need for
change
- Collaboration generates new knowledge and solution to the identified problem
- Study the problem systematically, solve it by taking action that is relevant to the
participants
- Empowerment, freedom from oppressive influence is goal
Case study
- In-depth study of a situation or event
- Study tries to understand issues related to history, development or circumstances
Historical research
- Looking for patterns and trends among past events and their relevancy to the present
- Authenticity of data source is important
Rigour in qualitative studies
- Trustworthiness (rigour) steps taken to ensure that the study procedures meet high
standards and that you can trust the results
- Use verification strategies at each step
- Bracketing (descriptive phenomenology) idetify the researcher’s precoceptios
about the topic to suspend them and set them aside
Aspects of trustworthiness
- Credibility What is the truth/reality of the findings?
- Some techniques are:
o Prolonged field engagement
o Peer debriefing (with experts)
o Checking with participants (member check)
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Document Summary

Nurs 341 statistics (reading research, chapter 2 readings) Outlines background of problem or issue being examined, summarizes the existing literature on subject, and states research questions, objectives and possible hypothesis. In some cases, researchers test a hypothesis states the predicted relationship between 2 or more variables related to the research intervention. Describes techniques used to conduct the study, including design, sample, setting and data collection and analysis. What is the research approach? (qualitative, quantitative, mixed-methods?) Qualitative research gain in-depth u(cid:374)dersta(cid:374)di(cid:374)g i(cid:374) (cid:374)atural setti(cid:374)g, study people"s perceptions and experiences. Flexible emergent design strategies (ex. altering sampling strategy to explore a concept identified in data analysis) Often used when little is known about topic. Focuses o(cid:374) (cid:373)ea(cid:374)i(cid:374)g of people"s experiences concerning some phenomenon. Objective is to explore social processes that guide human interaction. Data collected and analyzed concurrently by constant comparison of new data with information already collected. Theoretical sampling to verify category properties and relationships among them.

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