NUFS 377 – Scope of Food Security in Canada
What Is Food Insecurity?
Food insecurity (developed countries): the inability to acquire or consume
an adequate diet in a socially acceptable way or the uncertainty that one
will be able to do so
This can be caused by lack of physical or economic access to enough
food that is safe and nutritious to meet dietary needs. Ex. you can have all
the money in the world, but if there is no grocery store nearby you still have
food insecurity. Ex. you live next to a grocery store but have no money you
are also experiencing food insecurity.
Describe the food security continuum and conceptual models.
Considered a continuum because food uncertainty food
insufficiency hunger. None of these are set stages because you are able
to shift between each one fluidly.
Food insufficiency: inadequate amounts of food intake due to money or
Hunger: the involuntary lack of access to food (doesn’t count if people are
dieting or fasting for religious reasons)
The food security conceptual framework is an expansion of this
continuum. We still move from food uncertainty food insufficiency
hunger. However, this model expands the food insufficiency category to
individual, household or community levels. In developed countries food
insecurity is cyclical meaning it lasts a short time and is rarely always there.
It usually depends on things such as how many shifts at work you got that
What is the difference between food security at the individual and
household level? At the individual level, food insecurity is experiences as inadequate
nutrition, insufficient intake, the lack of choic