PHIL 250 Lecture 24: Aristotle - Nicomachean Ethics

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Department
Philosophy at St Joseph's College
Course Code
PHIL250
Professor
Charles Rodger

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Nov 21
There is no clear rule/criteria as what you should do in this book. Just tells you how
to be. His aim is the good life, how to live it, how you should be.
It seems the good life is politics but it also shows itself to be just a part of it.
Aristotle method: starts with people's opinions, interrogates them, tries to &nd
what's common in them because there has to be some truth in opinions and
sensible particulars
Start with what's knowable for us: sensible particulars, primary sense of ousia,
primordial, can change, has emotion: its potency that could be realized because its
partly matter and form; immediately knowable but not knowable in itself
Everything is highly morphic compound. Us included
Matter is not intelligible, irrational in a certain sense and can only know it by forms.
Actuality is activity. Active and fully itself. What it is and does is the same, it is itself.
Unmoved mover is thinking that thinks thinking, beautiful, is absolutely one,
indivisible, full activity/being-at-work while staying itself, everything tries to be like
it, everything owes its formal being to it/nous
Being is said in many ways to avoid contradictions.
By knowing how virtues are uni&ed, we can use reason (logos) to drag ourselves to
the middle.
Restraint/Unrestraint are not virtues. Unrestrained person desires the wrong thing,
knowing its the wrong thing. Restrained person desires the wrong thing but can stop
oneself from choosing it. The virtuous person desires thing in the right way. The
desiring part can listen to reason and can be constrained.
Distinction within intellect:
phronesis has to do with particulars, rational element that's changing/can be
otherwise and therefore you deliberate, what's advantageous to lead you to
the end
Cleverness: by being so, you can make the right guess
Art is not a virtue because its about things outside of oneself. Person knows how to
do it both well and poorly.
Phronesis is opposite of certain knowledge that is a virtue itself.
Virtue is getting the end. The end is virtue.
Wise person knows &rst principles and the things that follows from these principles;
they know nous (the &rst principle) because they bring together knowledge (logos)
and intellect.
2 intellectual virtues: pure wisdom (nous) and phronesis
In choosing vice, you lose track of the source.
Virtues and phronesis are not opinion.
Nous is both the beginning and the end.

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Nov 21 There is no clear rulecriteria as what you should do in this book. Just tells you how to be. His aim is the good life, how to live it, how you should be. It seems the good life is politics but it also shows itself to be just a part of it. Aristotle method: starts with peoples opinions, interrogates them, tries to find whats common in them because there has to be some truth in opinions and sensible particulars Start with whats knowable for us: sensible particulars, primary sense of ousia, primordial, can change, has emotion: its potency that could be realized because its partly matter and form; immediately knowable but not knowable in itself Everything is highly morphic compound. Us included Matter is not intelligible, irrational in a certain sense and can only know it by forms. Actuality is activity. Active and fully itself. What it is and does is the same, it is itself. Unmoved mover is thinking that thinks thinking, beautiful, is absolutely one, indivisible, full activitybeingatwork while staying itself, everything tries to be like it, everything owes its formal being to itnous Being is said in many ways to avoid contradictions. By knowing how virtues are unified, we can
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