Race And Ethnicity part 2

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University of Alberta
Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Melanie Muise

March 18 Race and Ethnicity Part 2 Functionalist Theory • Functionalist theory: assumed that an eventual assimilation of racially defined minorities into the majority (white) society would occur time Conflict Theory • Conflict theory: viewed race as an “insider” and “outsider” relations, but was viewed as a latent function which would lead to social equilibrium. Racism is a ruling class ideology Neo (New) – Conflict Theory • New conflict theory asks: how has wealth been produced from the exploitation of the black athlete?, how have black sporting struggles affected the emancipation of black people?, who profits from the play and display of black athletic talent? • Myraim bedard challenged biathlon Canada for providing unilingual coaching nd other services Anglophone and Francophone Relations • Before 1976, distributive research showed a significant under-representation of francophone athletes in high performance and pro sports in Canada • Competing structural and structural explanations – in combo these explanations provide powerful evidence of discrimination • The under-representation of francophone athletes is being resolved by strong sport development initiatives in quebec Native and Non-Native Relations Relations between natives and non-natives in Canada are characterized by: exploitation, racism, ethnocentric distortion, assimilation and resistance Exploitation • Historically, native athletes were exploited for their “novelty” (indianness) on international tours • Natives were also exploited for their athletic skills in sports such as lacrosse and running Racism • Exploitation came also with clear example
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