Gender Part 2

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University of Alberta
Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Melanie Muise

March 4 Gender Part 2 • Hoffman was central to and critical of how to achieve equality in Canadian Sport • The common definition of equality is “fundamentally one which contributes through its very nature to sex inequality” CIS Policy on Equality • There are physical differences between men and females where, generally, males who compete in sport at the interuniversity level are stronger, taller, heavier, and faster than their female counterparts. Although there are notable exceptions, this observation is generally correct • Equity refers to treatment that is fair and just. This definition of equity includes gender, race, ethnicity, language, disability, incomes and other diversities • Equality means that all person enjoy the same status regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, language, disability, income, and other diversities. It means that all persons have equal conditions for realizing their full rights and potential to benefit from the results Gender Ideology Gender ideology is crucial because: • Gender is a fundamental organizing principle of social life • Gender ideology influences how we: think of ourselves, define and relate to other, present ourselves to other, think about and plan for our future Gender Ideology in Canada Gender ideology in Canada is based on a 2 category classification system that: • Assumes 2 mutually exclusive categories: heterosexual male and heterosexual female • Encourages these categories to be perceived in terms of difference, as “opposites” • Leaves no space for those who don’t fit into either of the 2 categories • involves inequities when it comes to power and access to power • Look at figure 8.3 Facts about Gender Ideology Its defined in ways that • give some men more access to power while restricting the range of behaviour among all men • marginalize gays and Lesbos by categorizing them as being out of normative bounds • lead women to be more apt to push gender boundaries while men are more apt to police gender boundaries for themselves and women Gender Ideology in sports • gender isn’t fixed in nature, so people often use sports to maintain dominant definitions • sports often are sites for celebrating traditional ideas about masculinity • sport images and languages often glorify a heroic manhood based on being a warrior • when sports celebrate masculinity, female athletes often are defined as invaders Women as Invaders • females in certain sports may threaten tradit
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