Jan 28 - postmodernism and sport.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Sean Ryan

Jan 28 – Postmodernism and Sport • The article says that when all you do is narrow down your research, we neglect the personal and psychological needs of the person under research. We need to have an embodied approach Nondualistic Approach • Instead of treating the body as a machine, we can think in terms of embodiement • Embodiment means we deal with person as whole, not bodies and/or minds • A person is a unity, not a union (a joining) • So we should speak of the body – I – am, not the body I have • What happens on us physically cant impact us psychologically. Where does our mind end and brain begin? • Rene Descartes said I am a mind and I have a body. He said the mind has a body, not the body has a mind Embodiment vs. Objective Body • The objective body is something without context (ex. We just need to know where the injury is on the body. We don't care if you are an MLS star or not. However, an MLS player and a campus rec player would have different athletic therapists.) • It is reductionist not holistic • A lived body is a rich tapestry of experiences. A lived experience includes the medical, social and personality component. • To take a dualistic approach, we need to treat situations as lived experiences not objective ones • If we only do a skinfold test, we may only measure the skinfold and not worry about the pinching pain of the caliper • This is the idea that to treat an injury, we have to treat the person, not just the injury Ex. Throwing • We can study muscles, the path the arms takes, the start position and end position, etc. These would be the reductionist and objective way of analyzing a situation. We have gotten stronger and thrown faster and heavier over history. Studying the muscles etc has helped us get stronger and faster • However, there are cultural aspects that impact this too Postmodernism • What throwing is, isn’t the same thing for different people • Only when you work within the subjective/objective binary can you say it is • Postmodernism denies this binary. We tend to think if there is objective, we need to have subjective but this doesn’t really work in postmodernism • What is called objective is actually mislabelled • What is called subjective is likewise • There is no pure objectivity and no pure subjectivity • Postmodernism undermines the basic tenets of the enlightenment (mid 1600s to 1800) Modernism • Modernism Relies on the basic tenets of the enlightenment (mid 1600s to 1800) • Modernism presents Faith in progress • Modernism led to Dramatic revolutions in science, philosophy, politics and society • Modernism Swept away the medieval world and ushered in the modern one • Moderni
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