Jan 18 - sociological imagination and TBL.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Sean Ryan

Jan 18 – Secondary Terms for PERLS 304 • Simulacra – a copy of a copy and the original is lost. Ex. photocopying one page, 2 times. Then photocopying it 5 times. You eventually lose track of the original page. We think that as we copy a copy, the quality decreases. But this isn’t true. Almost everything in our world is copied for something. • Hyperreality – we add things such as sound mixing to improve reality. Ex. The Olympic people put in horse galloping sounds for us to hear while we watch the Olympic equestrian events. • Gendered space – a space where a certain gender is expected to be. (ex. A woman is expected to be seen in a kitchen) we see a space and already expect a certain gender to be there. We also know the behaviours of certain genders in sport. We don't see caring and feminine characteristics present in contact sports. Hockey is a gendered space • Performativity – means there is no gender prior to its performance. Meaning we don't have gender inside us, it is derived from doing stuff and its based on something you do. Performativity says your gender is built between you and the space you are in. This means we don't control our identity fully. It is controlled by other people Sociological Imagination – The Biggest Loser Article Science vs. Sociology • Sociology isn’t an empirical science; it can’t be measured • Objective – means it is based on observation • Sociology has a different epistemological and ontological basis • A scientific question would be like how does a tree function? These questions are based on observation • Sociology cannot meet the rigorous demands of the scientific method • Sociology requires a different orientation toward knowledge (not positivist) and a different perspective on human social interactions (sociological imagination) • Epistemological means how you would go about knowing. One way of epistemological knowing is meditation • An ontological question would be what is reality • Science assumes objectivity, knowing facts about the world • Sociology looks at the social world, values, discourse, influences of what things mean • Subjective usually means something that is specific to a person. Ex. You give yourself a grade. • We cant be totally subjective. Sociology isn’t subjective • Sociology requires a different orientation toward knowledge (not positivist) and a different perspective on human social interactions (sociological im
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