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PEDS240 (37)
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Jan 21 - Equipment.doc

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Physical Education and Sport
Brad Kern

Jan 21 – Sports Equipment • Taping stops the inversion of an ankle • After a while, tape will start to lose its stickiness and will stretch and wont be as stable as it was initially Trunk and Thorax Protection • Essential in many sports • Must protect regions that are exposed to the impact of forces (External genitalia, bony protuberances, shoulders, ribs, and spine) • Some examples of trunk thorax protection include shoulder pads and catchers equipment Football Shoulder Pads There are 2 types 1.) Cantilevered: bulkier and used by those engaged in blocking and tackling 2.) Non-cantilevered: don't restrict motion (used by quarterback and receivers) Fitting of Football Shoulder Pads • The width of the shoulders must be measured • The inside of pad should cover tip of shoulder in line with lateral aspect of shoulder • Epaulets and cups must cover deltoid and allow motion • Neck opening must allow athlete to raise arms over head without pads sliding forward and back • With split clavicle pads, channel for top of shoulder must be in proper position • Straps underneath arms should hold pads firmly in place without restricting soft tissue • Combination of padding may be used to supplement padding and protection (used in football and hockey) • With shoulder pads, they should protect the deltoids Don't need to know sports bras! Rib Protection Equipment • Thorax protectors and rib belts • Protect against external forces • Air-inflated interconnected cylinders (jacket design) Hips and Butt Equipment • Required in collision and high velocity sports • For hockey, we use hockey pants to protect the hips and but • Boxing, snow skiers, equestrians, jockeys and water skiers • Girdle and belt types Groin and Genitalia • Sports involving high velocity projectiles • Require cup protection for male participants • Stock item that fits into jockstrap or athletic supporter Skip socks Shoe Selection • Number of options for multiple activities • Toe box – space for toes (0.5 – ¾ inch of space from toes to front of shoe) • Sole should provide shock absorption and durability • There are 3 layers of the sole • The sole should have a spongy layer to absorb force • The second layer is a midsole that cushions midfoot and toes • The third layer is hard rubber which contacts the ground We need to consider form on which shoe is built • May be straight, semi-curved, curved • Straight = flat arch or run on inside of foot (pronator) • Semi-curved = foot to fit normal arch • Curved = more forefoot stability, high arch (supinator) • Heel counter – prevents medial and lateral roll of foot • Shoe uppers – top of shoe made with combination of materials, designed for appropriate ventilation, drying and support • Arch support – durable but soft and supportive to foot • Price – due to impact on performance and injury prevention, may be worth the extra investment Shoe Fitting • Measure both feet, as there will be slight differences • Approximate conditions of use ( if you play tennis, get tennis designed shoes) • Fit at the end of day due to gradual increase in volume due to weight bearing • Should be snug but allow ample movement of foot and toes • Shoe should break and bend at the widest part, coinciding with ball of foot
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