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March 11 - thigh, hip, groin, pelvis.doc

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Physical Education and Sport
Brad Kern

March 11 – Ch 17 Thigh, hip, groin, pelvis Anatomy of the Pelvis, Thigh, and Hip • The pelvis is formed by the scarum and coccyx • Pelvis supports spine and trunk and transfer weight to lower limbs • Functions as a attachment site for trunk muscles and to protect organs in the pelvic region • The lillum forms the illac crest • Ischium is the bone you sit on and is the attachment site for all hamstring muscles • Where these 3 bones fuse is the actebulum • The femur is designed for maximal support and mobility during weight bearing • Head of the femur inserts into the acetabulum and provides stability • The shoulder is very mobile and is one of the most commonly dislocated joints in the body • Hip joint has little mobility and is very stable. It takes a lot to dislocate a hip (ex. Car accident) • Ligaments that support this hip create the joint capsule are those that surround this joint. Muscles • Anterior thigh muscles are the quads. This includes the Sartorius muscle. • Sartorius is the faver muscle (F – flexion, a – abduction, v – ..., external rotation Hamstrings flex the knee and extend the hip Medial aspect of thigh has adductors You have 5 adductors – gracilis, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, pectineus, and adductor longus. they adduct the thigh Hip Muscles • On anterior, you have the illacius muscle and this originates off the iliac fossa • The illiopsoas is the main hip flexor • On the posterior aspect, you have the tensor fasciae latae which is the muscle that acts with the IT band and inserts onto the lateral aspect of the tibia • Gluteus
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