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Lecture 12

Lecture 12- Differences and Changes In Motivation.doc

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Physical Education and Sport
John Dunn

Affiliation Motivation Approval-Orientated • Need to gain approval is stronger than the need to avoid rejection (healthy motivation) Rejection-Threatened • Need to avoid social rejection is stronger than the need to gain social approval (unhealthy motivation) • Fear driven, negative approach • More worried about avoiding failure which increases anxiety Study • In the individual race setting there was a minimal difference between the rejection-threatened & approval orientated • In the group relay the approval orientated individuals felt a sense of motivation through helping and being part of a team to succeed • The rejection threatened athletes became overly concerned of failure or letting their team down • The interaction of the persons motivational pre characteristics and the difference in event type lead to a difference in performance • High approval oriented athletes swam quicker in relay race than individual race • Low approval oriented athletes (ex. Rejection-threatened) swam quicker in individual race than relay race • Significant “interaction” effect.. ex. The different characteristics of the 2 situations (races) differentially affected performances of swimmers with different personality characteristics (ex. Affiliation-motive orientations) Practical Coaching Considerations? Simply choosing the 4 fastest swimmers on the team may not necessarily produce the fastest relay team! Implications: the classic half-time “berating” from a coach following a bad 1 st period. May increase anxiety (thereby hindering performance) of rejection- threatened athletes. .. highlights the difficulty of individualized coaching in a team environment Individualized Coaching- How do we have coaching motivation in a team setting when there is such differences in motivational characteristics Practical Guidelines for Building Motivation 1.) Recognize that both situations and traits have a motivational influence.. as a coach recognize that its usually easier to change the situation than the individual 2.) Recognize that there are multiple motives for involvement – understand why people participate, and recognize that different people participate for different reasons • Its easier to change the situation rather than the athletes tendencies (traits) • If your not satisfying the motives of your athletes they will not be interested, quit, or have poor performance due to not having motivations satisfied • No matter what practitioner needs to know why the client, athlete, participant is ther
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