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Nov 7 Types of perfectionism.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education and Sport
John Dunn

Nov 7 - Perfectionism Unhealthy (maladaptive) perfectionists • People who have high perfectionists strivings (ex. High PS, high SOP) combined with high perfectionists concerns (ex. High COM, high SPP, high DAA) • Unhealthy perfectionists demand perfection; they view mistakes as being completely unacceptable; they view the social environment as threatening (because others set unfair or unwarranted high standards of performance); they fear negative social evaluation All or nothing attitude towards performance Nothing is ever quite good enough Driven by desire to avoid displays of imperfection Contingent self worth and overly critical self evaluation Healthy/Adaptive Components of Perfectionism (perfectionist strivings) Organization Unhealthy/Maladaptive Components of Perfectionism (perfectionist concerns) • Concern over mistakes • Parental expectations • Parental criticism • Doubts about actions • Socially prescribed perfectionism • Other-oriented perfectionism What about Personal Standards and Self Oriented Perfectionism? • Healthy/adaptive and unhealthy/maladaptive functioning is best determined by considering the level of PS and SOP in combination with the other maladaptive dimensions Perfectionism Profiling Must consider the combination of perfectionist strivings (PS/SOP and Org) with perfectionist concerns Global vs. Domain Specific Perfectionism • Do people have similar perfectionist tendencies across all achievement domains? • Dunn did a study where athletes completed Hewitt-MPS for school, sport and global Results Both female and male student-athletes: • SOP – Sport > SOP glaobal and SOP – school • SPP – sport > SPP – global and SPP-school • OOP – sport > OOP – Global > OOP – School In 2010, 187 academically talented youth (at residential academic camps) • Completed (unidimensional) Frost-MPS for school and sport and measures of competence, task value, and contingent self-worth Results • School perfectionist > sport perfectionism • Perceived competence in school > sport • Perceived task value in school > sport • Contingent self-worth in school > sport • Conclusion: perfectionist tendencies appear to increase in domains where we feel the highest degree of competence, place the greatest amount of value on success, and where we define our character/self worth based on contingent success The Sport-MPS (Dunn) • Personal standards • Concern over mistakes • Perceived parental pressure (PE and PC) • Perceived coach pressure Perceived parental pressure (PE and PC) and Perceived coach pressure are components of socially prescribed perfectionism Issues 1.) What level of specificity do we require to measure socially prescribed perfectionism? Teammates? 2.) PPP seems to play a smaller role as athletes get older, whereas PCP plays a much stronger role High PS low COM is healthy People with high PS in sport are very organized in preparation Unhealthy: high in PS, high in COM and high in PPP, PCP, DAA, and Org. These people are organized but tend to be down if they don't have the right pre-game routine.
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