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Nov 9 - Perfectionism Continued.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education and Sport
John Dunn

Nov 9 – Perfectionism Continued 2.) Competitive Anger (valance) • A psychobiological emotional state or condition marked by subjective feelings that vary in intensity from mild irritation or annoyance to intense fury and rage • Anger occurs when individuals perceive that “something has happened or could happen that ‘should not’”, or when an event is deemed to be “unfair or undeserved” • Anger can result when highly desired goals are blocked • When something happens that you think is unfair and undeserved, there is a sense of perceived injustice. This cause you to be angry • When our goals are too high, we are making ourselves vulnerable to anger Unhealthy Perfectionists • Believe that personal mistakes shouldn’t happen • Believe that perceived performance standards imposed by others are unfair or unwarranted • Set extremely high personal performance standards that are frequently unattainable Anger is magnified when above perceptions occur in situations where there is endangerment of personally meaningful goals (ex. Perceived importance) Results: Vallance demonstrated that unhealthy perfectionist athletes (youth hockey) are most prone to experiencing anger following mistakes in competition Do we want a maladaptive perfectionist on the ice when its a tied 3-3 game with little time left in regulation When athletes imaginged themselves making mistakes in high intensity situations, their anger rose Additional Correlates of Healthy and Unhealthy Perfectionism in Sport 3.) task/ ego orientation (Canadian football) – health perfectionists have a high level of task orientation and low level of ego orientation. They judge success based on personal mastery and development. Unhealthy perfectionists are driven to avoid failure. That failure is defined as public disappointment. They are highly ego oriented so they aren’t willing to put themselves in a situation where success is unlikely. 4.) anxiety (college hockey) – found that unhealthy perfecitonists are more prne to anxiety. They are motivated to avoid failure and are highly self-criitcal. They are worried how people will evaluate them. In contrats, helahty or adaptive perfectionists, are less likely to get anxious. They aren’t concerned about how people evaluate them. They do have anxiety but don't feel it as much as maladaptive perfectionists because they judge success on personal mastery. Failure is acceptable, but isn’t wanted. When they lose, they are able to move on 5.) burnout (junior tennis) – suggested that maladaptive perfectionists are more prone to burnout. There is loss of intrinsic motivation, physiological and psychological tiredness. They are always wanting more and it eventually takes its toll. Healhty perfectionists aren’t worried as much about mistakes andhave less baggage so they are less likely to burnout. 6.) Self-esteem (intercollegiate) – healthy perfectionists have a better self esteem. They don't have that contingent self worth. If they fail, they don't say iim a failure as a person. In a uneahtlhy perfectionists, when they fail, their self-esteem goes low. Theres an incredible emotional cost that goes with being an unhealthy perfectionist. 7.) Performance (triathletes) – findings that athletes wtih healthy perfectionism had greater success than those with unhealthy perfectionism. Most gold medal winners have a healthy perfectionist orientation. 8.) Coping (college volleyball) – healthy perfectionists engaged in more problem focused coping. When things weren’t going their way and they were in a slump, they were more likely to give an increased effort and have active planning. They tried to get out their slump. Unhealthy perfectionists tried to give less effort and engaged in avoidance coping. They had behavioural disengagement and didn't try to rectify their slump. Avoidance coping can be short term. If something is really stressing you out, you can leave it for a bit and get on track. However, even if you pretend its not there, its still going to be there. Perfectionism has its history in clinical psychology In maladaptive perfectionists, We see clinical disorders such as procrastination (some people put things off becase they ar
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