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PEDS303 (45)
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Nov 16 - Arousal, Stress, Anxiety continued.doc

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Department
Physical Education and Sport
Course
PEDS303
Professor
John Dunn
Semester
Fall

Description
Nov 16 – Arousal, Stress, Anxiety continued Issue #1 • Conceptual confusion between “fear of failure” and “fear of negative social evaluation” in sport psychology literature • Ex. Lots of athletes worry about not performing well but many of those athletes are simply worried that this will result in their team (or self) not winning the competition as opposed to worrying about the ensuing negative social evaluation Issue #2 • Little “self-presentational” concern when worrying about getting a stick in the face • ... expand the scope of CTA theory beyond “self-presentational” anxiety Measuring Arousal and Anxiety Arousal: we can measure Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, Respiratory rate, Galvanic Skin Response (measure electrical activity in muscle), and Blood Catecholamine Analysis. Arousal will be based on physiological activation. Pay attention to the name of instruments of anxiety. Usually 2 questions on anxiety and an instruments names. Self- Report Measure of Anxiety State Anxiety – anxiety I experience right here, right now • Competitive state anxiety inventory-2 (CSAI-2) o 27 items, 4-point intensity scale (1 – not at all, 4 very much so) 3 subscales o Somatic state anxiety (9 items) o Cognitive state anxiety (9 items) o State confidence (9 items) Confidence manages anxiety. Someone with high confidence will perform better due to low anxiety Practical Issues/Considerations when Administering the CSAI-2 (or any state anxiety measure) prior to competition • Temporal proximity to competition (pre vs. Post event)? – as you ask someone a CSAI the closer to a competition, the higher the somatic anxiety. It will peak when the competition begins. We have to be careful when we administer a CSAI. If we administer a CSAI post event, the problem is that the answers will be dependent on how the competition went. If it went well, there will be an emotional bias. The athlete may say we performed well, we weren’t anxious. However, if they lose, they may say we lsot so we must have been anxious. These emotional bias’es will skew the results of CSAI if its given post competition • Social desirability response bias? – we have to normalize the anxiety and fear of athletes. We have to accept the fact that we are scared, but we have to be excited to get out and perform. Athletes who are worried about how people will evaluate them will respond how they think people want them to respond. • Confidentiality? (proximity of other athletes/coaches) – if the coach or athletes are in the room, it could affect CSAI. The athlete needs to trust the
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