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September 19 - Science of Sport Psych.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education and Sport
John Dunn

September 19 - Sciences in Sport Psychology Studies • Albert bandura was considered one of the top 5 psychologists of all time • He coined the term efficacy • In studies, researchers (results) describes conditions, differences and/or relationships between variables/groups as they “naturally exist” in the environment • Example of a Purpose: examine relationships between team cohesion and collective efficacy (bandura) in a sample of 154 pro B-ball players Team Cohesion • A dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or the satisfaction of member affective needs • When we talk about team cohesion, it is a process but we can frame it in 2 general categories. There is task cohesion and social cohesion. Task conhesion is the commitment of all players to doing a certain task (ex. Buying into a system, committing to winning a championship. Everyone is willing to do whatever it takes to accomplish the task. Social cohesion has to do with the satisfaction of all team members. Do the athletes actually enjoy being with their teammates? In an ideal world we are high on both types of team cohesion. Affective needs include do I feel part of the team, do I feel cared for, do I care about my team? • You don't need high social cohesion to be successful • Task cohesion is very important for success • There are teams where task cohesion is high but social cohesion is low, yet the team is successful • Collective Efficacy A sense of collective competence shared among individuals when allocating, coordinationg, and integrating their resources in a successful concerted response to specific situational demands. When a player who is good is on a bad team, the teams collective efficacy is low Collective efficacy asks the team members, do we believe we can win games? Results • Highe
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