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March 4 - rules and the legality - morality distinction.doc
March 4 - rules and the legality - morality distinction.doc

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University of Alberta
Physical Education and Sport
Judy Davidson

March 4 – Rules and the Legality – Morality Distinction Rugby • No stomping on body parts • Score by putting ball over end line • Ball put back into play in a “scrum” • Played on a field that is a certain diameter • Protective gear, uniform requirements, boot specifications • Staying in bounds • Only a certain number of subs • Only hit players with the ball Ballet Examination • Appropriate, specified costume • Examined according to skills such as turn out, point, balance, coordiantion and flexibility • Graduatied time in performance • The prescriptive rules have the effect of stopping particular body types from competing (ex. A tall girl cant participate in ballet) • Regulative rules – are the administration of sport. These are the big umbrella rules. The IOC, FIFA, Sport Canada are regulative bodies who set up what the sport will look like, how tournaments will be designed, leagues will have these kind of players etc. • Constitutive rules – are the ones described above. These make up the enterprise of what you are engaging in. When you are doing a ballet examination, we are given a rubric for marking (ex. Hair needs to be in a bun) and we are notified of things not allowed to do (ex. No running shoes allowed) o Prescriptive – those rules that tell you what to do. They lay out what you are supposed to perform while you are engaged in an activity (ex. In rugby the ball should be advanced down the field to score. you are allowed to tackle players who have the ball) o Proscriptive – the do nots of sport. rules that make it possible to carry out prescriptive rules. In order to tackle the player with the ball, I need to be free from being tackled o Descriptive – rules that tell us under what conditions we will play the game (ex. No toe cleats, you need to wear ballet shoes.. field will be this big etc.) • Prescriptive and proscriptive rules can act as each other and vice versa. To remember the difference, remember prescribe doctors is saying go do this. • Early in a sport, there are few proscriptive rules. But these are developed as time goes on. • Descriptive rules also get changed as time goes on (ex. International soccer used to be played in a smaller net) Purpose of Penalties • Penalties for accidental rule breakage • Penalties for deliberate rule breakage • Ensures that a game, as constituted by its rules, can constitute at that time and in the future • We need to delineate the context of where competition occurs • With respect to the purpose of game rules, a penalty is only a good penalty (effective penalty) if it corrects the inequity created when the rule is broken • Penalties must be retributive (means that the penalty is severe enough so that the penalty taker will pause before breaking the rule) so that order can be restored to a game • Penalties are retributive when they are severe enough to ensure that the rule breaker i
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