POL S101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Antonio Gramsci, Edward Said, International Relations

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States and capital seek to intervene, invest and make rules that foster accumulation and economic power; imperialism, interests of capital, class status: critical theory, constructivism. Constructivism shows how the world of ideas can shape relations. Not associated with neo- conservatism but can be blended with it: feminism/gender, postcolonialism / postmodernism, socialism and critical theory inspired by marxist views. Dependency theory (andr gunder frank) is essentially a neo-marxist development theory: e(cid:454)plai(cid:374)s u(cid:374)de(cid:396)de(cid:448)elop(cid:373)e(cid:374)t of pe(cid:396)iphe(cid:396)(cid:455) i(cid:374) te(cid:396)(cid:373)s of e(cid:454)ploitatio(cid:374) (cid:271)(cid:455) (cid:858)(cid:272)o(cid:396)e(cid:859) i(cid:374)dust(cid:396)ialized capitalist countries, roots of the exploitation are in colonialism. Inequality seen as an important feature of states and the world system: considers systems of _____________ Critical theory: while realists see the world in terms of hegemony produced by economic and military power, critical theory is not so narrowly state-centric. They see hegemony in terms of systems of power like society, economy and culture: history matters: Seeks to explain transformation of the world order.

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