NOVEMBER 20 LECTURE NOTES RELIGIOUS STUDIES 101A
- carried over into islam. not spoken about in Qur'an.
99% of muslim communities practice it.
- Many cultures do it around 7 or 8 instead of at
- becomes a rite of passage with a first public
recitation of qur'an and big feast after.
- quite violent
- isn't about submission to god, usually done under
- female mutilation
- muslims are not the only ones who do this
- not talked about in the qur'an
- some communities practice it and try and legitimate
it as a muslim rite.
- not that wide spread
- those that do practice it engage in it for different
- it rarely is public, usually private and secretive - usually a lady / girl thing
- food laws much like judaism
- word means "legal", mostly applied to food.
- no pork
- meat must be slaughtered properly, similar to kosher
- the differences between kosher and halal:
● no alcohol
● broader in terms of types of meat you can eat. if
animal subsists on grass and leaves, you can eat
it. ie. camel meat is halal but not kosher
● for some muslims, shellfish is considered halal
but for many they still don't eat shellfish.
● halal can mix dairy and meat
FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM on test!
- necessary to be muslim
SHAHADA OR CREED
● "THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH AND MUHAMMAD IS HIS
PROPHET" ● means witness or bearing witness
● profession one must make solemnly to become a
muslim and that is all it takes
● once having said it, you are held to the laws of
● tends to be repeated throughout one's lifetime
● first thing an infant hears
SALAT OR PRAYER
● 5 TIMES PER DAY
● MUZARAH calls to prayer
● prayer is generally for worshiping allah but you
can also use this time to make petition to god
● story of muhammad negotiating with god
● prayer is done facing mecca
● only supposed to be done after someone has
prepared themselves ritually: take off shoes,
perform absolutions like watching hands arms feet
ankles face nostrils mouth. then, in a quiet clean
place, individuals perform a series of poses
● RAKA'AH - series of poses during prayer
● prayer rug
● friday noon or early evening service is especially
important. contains sermon. end of the world is
supposed to happen on a friday so it's good to get
your prayers and absolution out of the way. ● in mosques, MEN & WOMEN are generally separated
● some mosques don't even allow the women in the
● may be separated from men by curtain or rooms or
something, differences determined by how
conservative the mosque is.
● in some mosques, especially feminist muslims in
NA, women are becoming head imams that are
conducting the friday services
ZAKAT OR ALMSGIVING
● general expectiation that believers should be
willing to give financial support to God, the poor,
and religious buildings
● in some countries this takes form in an actual tax
(roughly around 2.5%)—this is where the whole
DHIMMI thing comes in ie if you are non-muslim and
live in Saudi Arabia, you pay the 2.5% too, not as
Zakat but as Dhimmi.
● all sorts of rules are applied to your status of
wealth to determine these things.
● there are all kinds of organizations responsible
for calculating your zakat and deciding where it
● there's no hard and fast rules for which charities
to give it to but it is usually argued LOCAL FIRST,
NATIONAL SECOND, INTERNATIONAL THIRD.
● extravoluntary acts are encouraged but not
required SAWM OR FASTING
● ritual fasting during the month of RAMADAN
● Islam, like Judaism, uses LUNAR CALENDAR (12
months, 354 days, years counted from HIJRA aka
migration to medina)
● RAMADAN is ninth month
● RAMADAN is said to be when Muhammad started
getting his revalations
● all muslims healthy, strong, not pregnant, not
breastfeeding, and not any arduous journey are to
fast during the day.
● fast from food, smoking, fighting
● this period of fasting is to be used for
controlling your passions, reconciling yourself