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March 26 Notes.docx

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University of Alberta
Angela Brkich

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 101B Lecture Notes March 26 Korea saw a process of Confucianism. What are some of the developments we examined in class? THE FINAL EXAM IS ON APRIL 11 60 Questions. Professor O, from korean. u of seoul. buddhism and christianity biggest in korea JAPANESE TRADITIONS IRRELIGIOUS JAPAN? Both Buddhist and Shinto organizations calim that about 95% of the Japanese population are members Yet, when asked (by researchers, for example) about their religion, most will claim they are not religious. Shinto and Buddhist organizations, if you look at their memberships, have about 95% of the population. some reject these cause a lot of it is based on birth records. SEVEN FIVE THREE november 15th, anual ritual based on folk beliefs that these ages are unlucky. seven and three unlucky for girls, five for boys. traditionally people take them to the shrine on this age and ask the KAMI to keep them from becoming sick or getting in any accidents etc. now its a big to do, everyone wears their komono, take pics. textbook says it is an issue of translation - the word for religion is SHUKYO which means strict adherence to a group that requires "monogamous" adherance. - this would exclude all the activities that jump around, especially between shinto and buddhism, the kinds of activities that strict adherents forbid. - so in japanese context, shukyo usually means christian, islamic, new religions, etc. there is also a historical context to the word SHUKYO - "shukyo" was created by the MEIJI. - MEIJI restoration in 1866, trying to modify japan to make it like europe to avoid colonisation. - tehy develop a separation of church and state. - STATE SHINTO WAS DEFINIED AS CIVIC DUTY. everything else that was a religion including buddhism was classified as a religion and they were allowed to exist as long as they didn't challenge the govt. so the organizations that stayed in existence after meiji restoration towed the line. - after WWII americans redefined state shinto as a religion, and allowed all religions even if they were critical of the govt. - people were no longer REQUIRED to participate in state shinto. - these two elements have a big impact on how modern japanese think of SHUKYO. association in their minds between religious groups and state / govt bolstering. - so there is a suspicious negative connotation that goes along with the term so people avoid saying their religious cause they don't want to be associated with the term. - people think religions are trying to influence or act on behalf of the govt so people don't like the religious institutions per se - it makes sense then why they see ancestor worship as not religious cause it has no connection with the govt. to japanese, religion is tied into government PRACTICALLY RELIGIOUS majority of practices are to bring about worldly benefits: GENZE RIYAKU: "THIS-WORLDLY BENEFITS" - this gets written off as superstition or folk religion etc by lots of western sculptors who have a notion that real or authentic religions has to have an altruistic other-worldly concern. - this is in fact the most common form of practice - blessing of cars, blessing of electronics, funerals, memorial
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